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REVOKE Certificate Permissions (Transact-SQL)

Revokes permissions on a certificate.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

REVOKE [ GRANT OPTION FOR ] permission  [ ,...n ] 
    ON CERTIFICATE :: certificate_name 
    { TO | FROM } database_principal [ ,...n ]
    [ CASCADE ]
    [ AS revoking_principal ]

GRANT OPTION FOR

Indicates that the ability to grant the specified permission will be revoked. The permission itself will not be revoked.

Important note Important

If the principal has the specified permission without the GRANT option, the permission itself will be revoked.

permission

Specifies a permission that can be revoked on a certificate. Listed below.

ON CERTIFICATE ::certificate_name

Specifies the certificate on which the permission is being revoked. The scope qualifier "::" is required.

database_principal

Specifies the principal from which the permission is being revoked. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

CASCADE

Indicates that the permission being revoked is also revoked from other principals to which it has been granted by this principal.

Caution note Caution

A cascaded revocation of a permission granted WITH GRANT OPTION will revoke both GRANT and DENY of that permission.

AS revoking_principal

Specifies a principal from which the principal executing this query derives its right to revoke the permission. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

A certificate is a database-level securable contained by the database that is its parent in the permissions hierarchy. The most specific and limited permissions that can be revoked on a certificate are listed below, together with the more general permissions that include them by implication.

Certificate permission

Implied by certificate permission

Implied by database permission

CONTROL

CONTROL

CONTROL

TAKE OWNERSHIP

CONTROL

CONTROL

ALTER

CONTROL

ALTER ANY CERTIFICATE

REFERENCES

CONTROL

REFERENCES

VIEW DEFINITION

CONTROL

VIEW DEFINITION

Requires CONTROL permission on the certificate.

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