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sp_password (Transact-SQL)

Adds or changes a password for a Microsoft SQL Server login.

ms174428.note(en-US,SQL.90).gifImportant:
This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Avoid using this feature in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use this feature. Use ALTER LOGIN instead.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sp_password [ [ @old = ] 'old_password' , ]
     { [ @new =] 'new_password' }
     [ , [ @loginame = ] 'login' ]
[ @old = ] 'old_password'

Is the old password. old_password is sysname, with a default of NULL.

[ @new = ] 'new_password'

Is the new password. new_password is sysname, with no default. old_password must be specified if named parameters are not used.

ms174428.security(en-US,SQL.90).gifSecurity Note:
Do not use a NULL password. Use a strong password. For more information, see Strong Passwords.

[ @loginame = ] 'login'

Is the name of the login affected by the password change. login is sysname, with a default of NULL. login must already exist and can be specified only by members of the sysadmin or securityadmin fixed server roles.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

sp_password calls ALTER LOGIN. This statement supports additional options. For information on changing passwords, see ALTER LOGIN (Transact-SQL).

sp_password cannot be executed within a user-defined transaction.

Requires ALTER ANY LOGIN permission. Also requires CONTROL SERVER permission to reset a password without supplying the old password, or if the login that is being changed has CONTROL SERVER permission.

A principal can change its own password.

A. Changing the password of a login without knowing the old password

The following example shows how to use ALTER LOGIN to change the password for the login Victoria to B3r1000d#2-36. This is the preferred method. The user that is executing this command must have CONTROL SERVER permission.

ALTER LOGIN Victoria WITH PASSWORD = 'B3r1000d#2-36';
GO

B. Changing a password

The following example shows how to use ALTER LOGIN to change the password for the login Victoria from B3r1000d#2-36 to V1cteAmanti55imE. This is the preferred method. User Victoria can execute this command without additional permissions. Other users require ALTER ANY LOGIN permission.

ALTER LOGIN Victoria WITH 
     PASSWORD = 'V1cteAmanti55imE' 
     OLD_PASSWORD = 'B3r1000d#2-36';
GO
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