Export (0) Print
Expand All

How to: Create a Basic Code Snippet

IntelliSense Code Snippets are XML files with a .snippet file name extension that adhere to the IntelliSense Code Snippet XML schema. In this topic, you will create a basic code snippet that displays a message box. For more information on the Code Snippet XML schema, see Code Snippets Schema Reference.

Before you can begin writing your code snippet, you must create an XML file with a .snippet file name extension.

To create a .snippet file

  1. On the File menu, click New and then click File.

  2. Click XML File and then click Open.

  3. On the File menu, click Save <XMLFileName>.

  4. In the Save as type box, select All Files (*.*).

  5. In the File name box, enter a file name with the .snippet file name extension.

  6. Click Save.

Now that you have an XML file, you need to write the XML code that makes up your code snippet. For more information on any of the XML elements used in the following examples, see Code Snippets Schema Reference.

To write the code for the code snippet

  1. Below the automatically generated line of XML, add a CodeSnippets element with the proper xmlns attribute value, and a CodeSnippet element to create an individual code snippet. For example:

    <CodeSnippets xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/2008/CodeSnippet">
        <CodeSnippet Format="1.0.0">
    
  2. Add a header section to the code snippet. For example:

    <Header>
        <Title>
            My Snippet
        </Title>
    </Header>
    
  3. Add the elements that define the code snippet itself. In the following example, the language of the code snippet is Visual Basic.

    <Snippet>
        <Code Language="VB">
    
        </Code>
    </Snippet>
    
    NoteNote:

    The Language attribute also accepts the values CSharp, VJSharp, and XML. For more information, see Code Element (IntelliSense Code Snippets).

  4. Inside the Code element, add the Visual Basic code for the snippet. All snippet code must be placed between <![CDATA[ and ]]> brackets. In the following example, the code that will be inserted is MessageBox.Show("Hello World").

    <Code Language="VB">
        <![CDATA[MessageBox.Show("Hello World")]]>
    </Code>
    
  5. Inside the Snippet element, add the References element and all of the required child elements that add a reference to the project when the snippet is inserted. In this example, the code snippet adds a reference to System.Windows.Forms.dll when the snippet is inserted.

    NoteNote:

    Only Visual Basic code snippets support the References section. Code snippets in other languages require that the correct references be added manually.

    <Snippet>
        <References>
            <Reference>
                <Assembly>System.Windows.Forms.dll</Assembly>
            </Reference>
        </References>
        <Code Language="VB">
            <![CDATA[MessageBox.Show("Hello World")]]>
        </Code>
    </Snippet>
    

You can now use this IntelliSense Code Snippet in Visual Studio 2005 by following the procedures in How to: Manage Code Snippets and How to: Insert IntelliSense Code Snippets.

This example contains the entire IntelliSense Code Snippet created in the previous steps.

<CodeSnippets
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/2008/CodeSnippet">
    <CodeSnippet Format="1.0.0">
        <Header>
            <Title>
                My Snippet
            </Title>
        </Header>
        <Snippet>
            <References>
                <Reference>
                    <Assembly>System.Windows.Forms.dll</Assembly>
                </Reference>
            </References>
            <Code Language="VB">
                <![CDATA[MessageBox.Show("Hello World")]]>
            </Code>
        </Snippet>
    </CodeSnippet>
</CodeSnippets>

This example contains a Visual C# version of the IntelliSense Code Snippet created in the previous steps. Visual C# code snippets to do not support the References section, so a reference to System.Windows.Forms.dll must be added to the project manually.

<CodeSnippets
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/VisualStudio/2008/CodeSnippet">
    <CodeSnippet Format="1.0.0">
        <Header>
            <Title>
                My Snippet
            </Title>
        </Header>
        <Snippet>
            <Code Language="CSharp">
                <![CDATA[MessageBox.Show("Hello World");]]>
            </Code>
        </Snippet>
    </CodeSnippet>
</CodeSnippets>

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft