Export (0) Print
Expand All

String.StartsWith Method (String, StringComparison)

Note: This method is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Determines whether the beginning of this string matches the specified string when compared using the specified comparison option.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(false)] 
public bool StartsWith (
	string value,
	StringComparison comparisonType
)
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(false) */ 
public boolean StartsWith (
	String value, 
	StringComparison comparisonType
)
ComVisibleAttribute(false) 
public function StartsWith (
	value : String, 
	comparisonType : StringComparison
) : boolean

Parameters

value

A String object to compare to.

comparisonType

One of the StringComparison values that determines how this string and value are compared.

Return Value

true if the value parameter matches the beginning of this string; otherwise, false.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

value is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentException

comparisonType is not a StringComparison value.

The StartsWith method compares the value parameter to the substring at the beginning of this string and returns a value that indicates whether they are equal. To be equal, value must be a reference to this same string, be the empty string (""), or match the beginning of this string. The type of comparison performed by the StartsWith method depends on the value of the comparisonType parameter.

The following code example determines whether a string starts with a particular substring. The results are affected by the choice of culture, whether case is ignored, and whether an ordinal comparison is performed.

// This example demonstrates the 
// System.String.StartsWith(String, StringComparison) method.

using System;
using System.Threading;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string intro = "Determine whether a string starts with another string, " +
                   "using\n  different values of StringComparison.";

    StringComparison[] scValues = {
        StringComparison.CurrentCulture,
        StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.InvariantCulture,
        StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase,
        StringComparison.Ordinal,
        StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase };

//
    Console.Clear();
    Console.WriteLine(intro);

// Display the current culture because the culture-specific comparisons
// can produce different results with different cultures.
    Console.WriteLine("The current culture is {0}.\n", 
                       Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture.Name);

// Determine whether three versions of the letter I are equal to each other. 
    foreach (StringComparison sc in scValues)
        {
        Console.WriteLine("StringComparison.{0}:", sc);
        Test("ABCxyz", "ABC", sc);
        Test("ABCxyz", "abc", sc);
        Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }

    protected static void Test(string x, string y, StringComparison comparison)
    {
    string resultFmt = "\"{0}\" {1} with \"{2}\".";
    string result = "does not start";
//
    if (x.StartsWith(y, comparison))
        result = "starts";
    Console.WriteLine(resultFmt, x, result, y);
    }
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

Determine whether a string starts with another string, using
  different values of StringComparison.
The current culture is en-US.

StringComparison.CurrentCulture:
"ABCxyz" starts with "ABC".
"ABCxyz" does not start with "abc".

StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase:
"ABCxyz" starts with "ABC".
"ABCxyz" starts with "abc".

StringComparison.InvariantCulture:
"ABCxyz" starts with "ABC".
"ABCxyz" does not start with "abc".

StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase:
"ABCxyz" starts with "ABC".
"ABCxyz" starts with "abc".

StringComparison.Ordinal:
"ABCxyz" starts with "ABC".
"ABCxyz" does not start with "abc".

StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase:
"ABCxyz" starts with "ABC".
"ABCxyz" starts with "abc".

*/

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft