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ReplicationDatabase Class

Represents a publication or subscription database in a replication topology.

Namespace: Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication
Assembly: Microsoft.SqlServer.Rmo (in microsoft.sqlserver.rmo.dll)

public sealed class ReplicationDatabase : ReplicationObject
public final class ReplicationDatabase extends ReplicationObject
public final class ReplicationDatabase extends ReplicationObject

ReplicationDatabase can be used to represent a publication or subscription database. ReplicationDatabase cannot be used to represent system databases, such as master, tempdb, msdb, and model. A distribution database is represented by DistributionDatabase.

This namespace, class, or member is supported only in version 2.0 of the .NET Framework.


System.Object
   Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.ReplicationObject
    Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.ReplicationDatabase

This example creates the distribution database when the Distributor is installed. It also enables merge and transactional publishing on the AdventureWorks database.

// Set the server and database names
string distributionDbName = "distribution";
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";

DistributionDatabase distributionDb;
ReplicationServer distributor;
DistributionPublisher publisher;
ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;

// Create a connection to the server using Windows Authentication.
ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

try
{
    // Connect to the server acting as the Distributor 
    // and local Publisher.
    conn.Connect();

    // Define the distribution database at the Distributor,
    // but do not create it now.
    distributionDb = new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn);
    distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 96;
    distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 120;

    // Set the Distributor properties and install the Distributor.
    // This also creates the specified distribution database.
    distributor = new ReplicationServer(conn);
    distributor.InstallDistributor((string)null, distributionDb);

    // Set the Publisher properties and install the Publisher.
    publisher = new DistributionPublisher(publisherName, conn);
    publisher.DistributionDatabase = distributionDb.Name;
    publisher.WorkingDirectory = @"\\" + publisherName + @"\repldata";
    publisher.PublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = true;
    publisher.Create();

    // Enable AdventureWorks as a publication database.
    publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn);

    publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = true;
    publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = true;
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement appropriate error handling here.
    throw new ApplicationException("An error occured when installing distribution and publishing.", ex);
}
finally
{
    conn.Disconnect();
}

This example changes properties on the distribution database.

// Set the Distributor and distribution database names.
string distributionDbName = "distribution";
string distributorName = publisherInstance;

ReplicationServer distributor;
DistributionDatabase distributionDb;

// Create a connection to the Distributor using Windows Authentication.
ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(distributorName);

try
{
    // Open the connection. 
    conn.Connect();

    distributor = new ReplicationServer(conn);

    // Load Distributor properties, if it is installed.
    if (distributor.LoadProperties())
    {
        // Password supplied at runtime.
        distributor.ChangeDistributorPassword(password);
        distributor.AgentCheckupInterval = 5;

        // Save changes to the Distributor properties.
        distributor.CommitPropertyChanges();
    }
    else
    {
        throw new ApplicationException(
            String.Format("{0} is not a Distributor.", publisherInstance));
    }

    // Create an object for the distribution database 
    // using the open Distributor connection.
    distributionDb = new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn);

    // Change distribution database properties.
    if (distributionDb.LoadProperties())
    {
        // Change maximum retention period to 48 hours and history retention 
        // period to 24 hours.
        distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 48;
        distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 24;

        // Save changes to the distribution database properties.
        distributionDb.CommitPropertyChanges();
    }
    else
    {
        // Do something here if the distribution database does not exist.
    }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement the appropriate error handling here. 
    throw new ApplicationException("An error occured when changing Distributor " +
        " or distribution database properties.", ex);
}
finally
{
    conn.Disconnect();
}

This example disables merge and transactional publishing on the AdventureWorks database and drops the distribution database.

// Set the Distributor and publication database names.
// Publisher and Distributor are on the same server instance.
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string distributorName = publisherInstance;
string distributionDbName = "distribution";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";

// Create connections to the Publisher and Distributor
// using Windows Authentication.
ServerConnection publisherConn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);
ServerConnection distributorConn = new ServerConnection(distributorName);

// Create the objects we need.
ReplicationServer distributor =
    new ReplicationServer(distributorConn);
DistributionPublisher publisher;
DistributionDatabase distributionDb =
    new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, distributorConn);
ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;
publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, publisherConn);

try
{
    // Connect to the Publisher and Distributor.
    publisherConn.Connect();
    distributorConn.Connect();

    // Disable all publishing on the AdventureWorks database.
    if (publicationDb.LoadProperties())
    {
        if (publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing)
        {
            publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = false;
        }
        else if (publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing)
        {
            publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = false;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        throw new ApplicationException(
            String.Format("The {0} database does not exist.", publicationDbName));
    }

    // We cannot uninstall the Publisher if there are still Subscribers.
    if (distributor.RegisteredSubscribers.Count == 0)
    {
        // Uninstall the Publisher, if it exists.
        publisher = new DistributionPublisher(publisherName, distributorConn);
        if (publisher.LoadProperties())
        {
            publisher.Remove(false);
        }
        else
        {
            // Do something here if the Publisher does not exist.
            throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
                "{0} is not a Publisher for {1}.", publisherName, distributorName));
        }

        // Drop the distribution database.
        if (distributionDb.LoadProperties())
        {
            distributionDb.Remove();
        }
        else
        {
            // Do something here if the distribition DB does not exist.
            throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
                "The distribution database '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
                distributionDbName, distributorName));
        }

        // Uninstall the Distributor, if it exists.
        if (distributor.LoadProperties())
        {
            // Passing a value of false means that the Publisher 
            // and distribution databases must already be uninstalled,
            // and that no local databases be enabled for publishing.
            distributor.UninstallDistributor(false);
        }
        else
        {
            //Do something here if the distributor does not exist.
            throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
                "The Distributor '{0}' does not exist.", distributorName));
        }
    }
    else
    {
        throw new ApplicationException("You must first delete all subscriptions.");
    }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement appropriate error handling here.
    throw new ApplicationException("The Publisher and Distributor could not be uninstalled", ex);
}
finally
{
    publisherConn.Disconnect();
    distributorConn.Disconnect();
}

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Development Platforms

For a list of the supported platforms, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2005.

Target Platforms

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