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<bindingRedirect> Element 

Redirects one assembly version to another.


<bindingRedirect  
   oldVersion="old assembly version"
   newVersion="new assembly version"/>

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.

Attributes

Attribute Description

oldVersion

Required attribute.

Specifies the version of the assembly that was originally requested. The format of an assembly version number is major.minor.build.revision. Valid values for each part of this version number are 0 to 65535.

You can also specify a range of versions in the following format:

n.n.n.n - n.n.n.n

newVersion

Required attribute.

Specifies the version of the assembly to use instead of the originally requested version in the format: n.n.n.n

Child Elements

Element Description

None

Parent Elements

Element Description

assemblyBinding

Contains information about assembly version redirection and the locations of assemblies.

configuration

The root element in every configuration file used by the common language runtime and .NET Framework applications.

dependentAssembly

Encapsulates binding policy and assembly location for each assembly. Use one dependentAssembly element for each assembly.

runtime

Contains information about assembly binding and garbage collection.

When you build a .NET Framework application against a strong-named assembly, the application uses that version of the assembly at run time by default, even if a new version is available. However, you can configure the application to run against a newer version of the assembly. For details on how the runtime uses these files to determine which assembly version to use, see How the Runtime Locates Assemblies.

You can redirect more than one assembly version by including multiple bindingRedirect elements in a dependentAssembly element.

Explicit assembly binding redirection in an application configuration file requires a security permission. This applies to redirection of .NET Framework assemblies and assemblies from third parties. The permission is granted by setting the BindingRedirects flag on the SecurityPermission Class. For more information, see Assembly Binding Redirection Security Permission.

The following example shows how to redirect one assembly version to another.

<configuration>
   <runtime>
      <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
         <dependentAssembly>
            <assemblyIdentity name="myAssembly"
                              publicKeyToken="32ab4ba45e0a69a1"
                              culture="neutral" />
            <bindingRedirect oldVersion="1.0.0.0"
                             newVersion="2.0.0.0"/>
         </dependentAssembly>
      </assemblyBinding>
   </runtime>
</configuration>

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