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_atoi64, _atoi64_l, _wtoi64, _wtoi64_l

Converts a string to a 64-bit integer.

__int64 _atoi64(
   const char *str 
);
__int64 _wtoi64(
   const wchar_t *str 
);
__int64 _atoi64_l(
   const char *str,
   _locale_t locale
);
__int64 _wtoi64_l(
   const wchar_t *str,
   _locale_t locale
);
str

String to be converted.

locale

Locale to use.

Each function returns the __int64 value produced by interpreting the input characters as a number. The return value is 0 for _atoi64 if the input cannot be converted to a value of that type.

In the case of overflow with large positive integral values, _atoi64 returns I64_MAX and I64_MIN in the case of overflow with large negative integral values.

In all out-of-range cases, errno is set to ERANGE. If the parameter passed in is NULL, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, these functions set errno to EINVAL and return 0.

These functions convert a character string to a 64-bit integer value.

The input string is a sequence of characters that can be interpreted as a numerical value of the specified type. The function stops reading the input string at the first character that it cannot recognize as part of a number. This character might be the null character ('\0' or L'\0') terminating the string.

The str argument to _atoi64 has the following form:

[whitespace] [sign] [digits]]

A whitespace consists of space or tab characters, which are ignored; sign is either plus (+) or minus (–); and digits are one or more digits.

_wtoi64 is identical to _atoi64 except that it takes a wide character string as a parameter.

The versions of these functions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead of the current locale. For more information, see Locale.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

Tchar.h routine

_UNICODE and _MBCS not defined

_MBCS defined

_UNICODE defined

_tstoi64

_atoi64

_atoi64

_wtoi64

_ttoi64

_atoi64

_atoi64

_wtoi64

Routines

Required header

_atoi64, _atoi64_l

<stdlib.h>

_wtoi64, _wtoi64_l

<stdlib.h> or <wchar.h>

This program shows how numbers stored as strings can be converted to numeric values using the _atoi64 functions.

// crt_atoi64.c
// This program shows how numbers stored as
// strings can be converted to numeric values
// using the _atoi64 functions.
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>

int main( void )
{
    char    *str = NULL;
    __int64 value = 0;

    // An example of the _atoi64 function
    // with leading and trailing white spaces.
    str = "  -2309 ";
    value = _atoi64( str );
    printf( "Function: _atoi64( \"%s\" ) = %d\n", str, value );

    // Another example of the _atoi64 function 
    // with an arbitrary decimal point.
    str = "314127.64";
    value = _atoi64( str );
    printf( "Function: _atoi64( \"%s\" ) = %d\n", str, value );

    // Another example of the _atoi64 function
    // with an overflow condition occurring.
    str = "3336402735171707160320";
    value = _atoi64( str );
    printf( "Function: _atoi64( \"%s\" ) = %d\n", str, value );
    if (errno == ERANGE)
    {
       printf("Overflow condition occurred.\n");
    }
}
Function: _atoi64( "  -2309 " ) = -2309
Function: _atoi64( "314127.64" ) = 314127
Function: _atoi64( "3336402735171707160320" ) = -1
Overflow condition occurred.
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