FIPS 140-2 Compliance
SQL Server 2005 Service Pack 1 (SP1) can be configured to be compliant with FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standard) 140-2. FIPS 140-2 is a statement of the "Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules." It specifies which encryption algorithms and hashing algorithms can be used, and how encryption keys are to be generated and managed. To configure SQL Server 2005 SP1 to be compliant with FIPS 140-2, it must be running on a version of Microsoft Windows that is FIPS 140-2 certified or that provides a certified cryptographic module.
For information about configuring SQL Server 2005 SP1 to be compliant with FIPS 140-2, see Knowledge Base article 920955, Instructions for using SQL Server 2005 SP1 in the FIPS 140-2 compliant mode.