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basic_string::assign

Assigns new character values to the contents of a string.

basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    const value_type* _Ptr
);
basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    const value_type* _Ptr,
    size_type _Count
);
basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str,
    size_type off, 
    size_type _Count
);
basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    const basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& _Str
);
basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    size_type _Count, 
    value_type _Ch
);
template<class InIt>
    basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
        InputIterator _First, 
        InputIterator _Last
    );
basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    const_pointer _First,
    const_pointer _Last
);
basic_string<CharType, Traits, Allocator>& assign(
    const_iterator _First,
    const_iterator _Last
);

_Ptr

A pointer to the characters of the C-string to be assigned to the target string.

_Count

The number of characters to be appended, at most, from the source string.

_Str

The source string whose characters are to be assigned to the target string.

_Ch

The character value to be assigned.

_First

An input iterator, const_pointer, or const_iterator addressing the first character in the range of the source string to be assigned to the target range.

_Last

An input iterator, const_pointer, or const_iterator addressing the one beyond the last character in the range of the source string to be assigned to the target range.

off

The position at which new characters will start to be assigned.

A reference to the string object that is being assigned new characters by the member function.

The strings can be assigned new character values. The new value can be either a string and C-string or a single character. The operator= may be used if the new value can be described by a single parameter; otherwise the member function assign, which has multiple parameters, can be used to specify which part of the string is to be assigned to a target string.

// basic_string_assign.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <string>
#include <iostream>

int main( ) 
{
   using namespace std;

   // The first member function assigning the
   // characters of a C-string to a string
   string str1a;
   const char *cstr1a = "Out There";
   cout << "The C-string cstr1a is: " << cstr1a <<  "." << endl;
   str1a.assign ( cstr1a );
   cout << "Assigning the C-string cstr1a to string str1 gives: " 
        << str1a << "." << endl << endl;

   // The second member function assigning a specific
   // number of the of characters a C-string to a string
   string  str1b;
   const char *cstr1b = "Out There";
   cout << "The C-string cstr1b is: " << cstr1b << endl;
   str1b.assign ( cstr1b , 3 );
   cout << "Assigning the 1st part of the C-string cstr1b "
        << "to string str1 gives: " << str1b << "." 
        << endl << endl;

   // The third member function assigning a specific number
   // of the characters from one string to another string 
   string str1c ( "Hello " ), str2c ( "Wide World " );
   cout << "The string str2c is: " << str2c << endl;
   str1c.assign ( str2c , 5 , 5 );
   cout << "The newly assigned string str1 is: " 
        << str1c << "." << endl << endl;

   // The fourth member function assigning the characters
   // from one string to another string in two equivalent
   // ways, comparing the assign and operator =
   string str1d ( "Hello" ), str2d ( "Wide" ), str3d ( "World" );
   cout << "The original string str1 is: " << str1d << "." << endl;
   cout << "The string str2d is: " << str2d << endl;
   str1d.assign ( str2d );
   cout << "The string str1 newly assigned with string str2d is: " 
        << str1d << "." << endl;
   cout << "The string str3d is: " << str3d << "." << endl;
   str1d = str3d;
   cout << "The string str1 reassigned with string str3d is: " 
        << str1d << "." << endl << endl;

   // The fifth member function assigning a specific 
   // number of characters of a certain value to a string
   string str1e ( "Hello " );
   str1e.assign ( 4 , '!' );
   cout << "The string str1 assigned with eclamations is: " 
        << str1e << endl << endl;

   // The sixth member function assigning the value from
   // the range of one string to another string
   string str1f ( "Hello " ), str2f ( "Wide World " );
   cout << "The string str2f is: " << str2f << endl;
   str1f.assign ( str2f.begin ( ) + 5 , str2f.end ( ) - 1 );
   cout << "The string str1 assigned a range of string str2f is: " 
        << str1f << "." << endl << endl;
}
The C-string cstr1a is: Out There.
Assigning the C-string cstr1a to string str1 gives: Out There.

The C-string cstr1b is: Out There
Assigning the 1st part of the C-string cstr1b to string str1 gives: Out.

The string str2c is: Wide World 
The newly assigned string str1 is: World.

The original string str1 is: Hello.
The string str2d is: Wide
The string str1 newly assigned with string str2d is: Wide.
The string str3d is: World.
The string str1 reassigned with string str3d is: World.

The string str1 assigned with eclamations is: !!!!

The string str2f is: Wide World 
The string str1 assigned a range of string str2f is: World.

Header: <string>

Namespace: std

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