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find (STL Samples) 

Illustrates how to use the find Standard Template Library (STL) function in Visual C++.


template<class InputIterator, class T> inline 
   InputIterator find(
      InputIterator First,
      InputIterator Last,
      const T& Value
   )

NoteNote

The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

The find algorithm locates the first element in the range [First, Last) that matches Value and returns the iterator positioned at the first matching element, or Last if no such element exists.

// find.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc

// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 characters,
// okay to ignore
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main() {
    const int ARRAY_SIZE = 8 ;
    int IntArray[ARRAY_SIZE] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7 } ;

    int *location ;   // stores the position of the first
                      // matching element.

    int i ;

    int value = 4 ;

    // print content of IntArray
    cout << "IntArray { " ;
    for(i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE; i++)
        cout << IntArray[i] << ", " ;
    cout << " }" << endl ;

    // Find the first element in the range [first, last)
    // that matches value.
    location = find(IntArray, IntArray + ARRAY_SIZE, value) ;

    //print the matching element if any was found
    if (location != IntArray + ARRAY_SIZE)  // matching element found
        cout << "First element that matches " << value
             << " is at location " << location - IntArray << endl;
    else                                    // no matching element was
                                            // found
        cout << "The sequence does not contain any elements"
             << " with value " << value << endl ;
}

IntArray { 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7,  }
First element that matches 4 is at location 3

Header: <algorithm>

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