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PEVerify Tool (Peverify.exe)

The PEVerify tool helps developers who generate Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) (such as compiler writers, script engine developers, and so on) to determine whether their MSIL code and associated metadata meet type safety requirements. Some compilers generate verifiably type-safe code only if you avoid using certain language constructs. If, as a developer, you are using such a compiler, you may want to verify that you have not compromised the type safety of your code. In this situation, you can run the PEVerify tool on your files to check the MSIL and metadata.

peverify filename [options]

Argument

Description

filename

The portable executable (PE) file for which to check the MSIL and metadata.

Option

Description

/break=maxErrorCount

Aborts verification after maxErrorCount errors.

This parameter is not supported in .NET Framework version 2.0 or later.

/clock

Measures and reports the following verification times in milliseconds:

MD Val. cycle

Metadata validation cycle

MD Val. pure

Metadata validation pure

IL Ver. cycle

Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) verification cycle

IL Ver pure

MSIL verification pure

The MD Val. cycle and IL Ver. cycle times include the time required to perform necessary startup and shutdown procedures. The MD Val. pure and IL Ver pure times reflect the time required to perform the validation or verification only.

/help

Displays command syntax and options for the tool.

/hresult

Displays error codes in hexadecimal format.

/ignore=hex.code [, hex.code]

Ignores the specified error codes.

/ignore=@responseFile

Ignores the error codes listed in the specified response file.

/il

Performs MSIL type safety verification checks for methods implemented in the assembly specified by filename. The tool returns detailed descriptions for each problem found unless you specify the /quiet option.

/md

Performs metadata validation checks on the assembly specified by filename. This walks the full metadata structure within the file and reports all validation problems encountered.

/nologo

Suppresses the display of product version and copyright information.

/nosymbols

In the .NET Framework version 2.0, suppresses line numbers for backward compatibility.

/quiet

Specifies quiet mode; suppresses output of the verification problem reports. Peverify.exe still reports whether the file is type safe, but does not report information on problems preventing type safety verification.

/unique

Ignores repeating error codes.

/verbose

In the .NET Framework version 2.0, displays additional information in MSIL verification messages.

/?

Displays command syntax and options for the tool.

The common language runtime relies on the type-safe execution of application code to help enforce security and isolation mechanisms. Normally, code that is not verifiably type safe cannot run, although you can set security policy to allow the execution of trusted but unverifiable code.

If neither the /md nor /il options are specified, Peverify.exe performs both types of checks. Peverify.exe performs /md checks first. If there are no errors, /il checks are made. If you specify both /md and /il, /il checks are made even if there are errors in the metadata. Thus, if there are no metadata errors, peverify filename is equivalent to peverify filename /md /il.

Peverify.exe performs comprehensive MSIL verification checks based on dataflow analysis plus a list of several hundred rules on valid metadata. For detailed information on the checks Peverify.exe performs, see the "Metadata Validation Specification" and the "MSIL Instruction Set Specification" in the Tools Developers Guide folder in the Windows Software Development Kit (SDK).

Note that the .NET Framework version 2.0 or later supports verifiable byref returns specified using the following MSIL instructions: dup, ldsflda, ldflda, ldelema, call and unbox.

The following command performs metadata validation checks and MSIL type safety verification checks for methods implemented in the assembly myAssembly.exe.

peverify myAssembly.exe /md /il

Upon successful completion of the above request, Peverify.exe displays the following message.

All classes and methods in myAssembly.exe Verified

The following command performs metadata validation checks and MSIL type safety verification checks for methods implemented in the assembly myAssembly.exe. The tool displays the time required to perform these checks.

peverify myAssembly.exe /md /il /clock

Upon successful completion of the above request, Peverify.exe displays the following message.

All classes and methods in myAssembly.exe Verified
Timing: Total run     320 msec
        MD Val.cycle  40 msec
        MD Val.pure   10 msec
        IL Ver.cycle  270 msec
        IL Ver.pure   230 msec

The following command performs metadata validation checks and MSIL type safety verification checks for methods implemented in the assembly myAssembly.exe. Peverify.exe stops, however, when it reaches the maximum error count of 100. The tool also ignores the specified error codes.

peverify myAssembly.exe /break=100 /ignore=0x12345678,0xABCD1234

The following command produces the same result as the above previous example, but specifies the error codes to ignore in the response file ignoreErrors.rsp.

peverify myAssembly.exe /break=100 /ignore@ignoreErrors.rsp

The response file can contain a comma-separated list of error codes.

0x12345678, 0xABCD1234

Alternatively, the response file can be formatted with one error code per line.

0x12345678
0xABCD1234

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