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CRecordset::GetFieldValue 

Retrieves field data in the current record.


void GetFieldValue( 
   LPCTSTR lpszName, 
   CDBVariant& varValue, 
   short nFieldType = DEFAULT_FIELD_TYPE  
);
void GetFieldValue( 
   short nIndex, 
   CDBVariant& varValue, 
   short nFieldType = DEFAULT_FIELD_TYPE  
);
void GetFieldValue(
   short nIndex,
   CStringA& strValue 
);
void GetFieldValue(
   short nIndex,
   CStringW& strValue 
);

Parameters

lpszName

The name of a field.

varValue

A reference to a CDBVariant object that will store the field's value.

nFieldType

The ODBC C data type of the field. Using the default value, DEFAULT_FIELD_TYPE, forces GetFieldValue to determine the C data type from the SQL data type, based on the following table. Otherwise, you can specify the data type directly or choose a compatible data type; for example, you can store any data type into SQL_C_CHAR.

C data type SQL data type

SQL_C_BIT

SQL_BIT

SQL_C_UTINYINT

SQL_TINYINT

SQL_C_SSHORT

SQL_SMALLINT

SQL_C_SLONG

SQL_INTEGER

SQL_C_FLOAT

SQL_REAL

SQL_C_DOUBLE

SQL_FLOATSQL_DOUBLE

SQL_C_TIMESTAMP

SQL_DATESQL_TIMESQL_TIMESTAMP

SQL_C_CHAR

SQL_NUMERICSQL_DECIMALSQL_BIGINTSQL_CHARSQL_VARCHARSQL_LONGVARCHAR

SQL_C_BINARY

SQL_BINARYSQL_VARBINARYSQL_LONGVARBINARY

For more information about ODBC data types, see the topics "SQL Data Types" and "C Data Types" in Appendix D of the Platform SDK.

nIndex

The zero-based index of the field.

strValue

A reference to a CString object that will store the field's value converted to text, regardless of the field's data type.

You can look up a field either by name or by index. You can store the field value in either a CDBVariant object or a CString object.

If you have implemented bulk row fetching, the current record is always positioned on the first record in a rowset. To use GetFieldValue on a record within a given rowset, you must first call the SetRowsetCursorPosition member function to move the cursor to the desired row within that rowset. Then call GetFieldValue for that row. To implement bulk row fetching, you must specify the CRecordset::useMultiRowFetch option of the dwOptions parameter in the Open member function.

You can use GetFieldValue to dynamically fetch fields at run time rather than statically binding them at design time. For example, if you have declared a recordset object directly from CRecordset, you must use GetFieldValue to retrieve the field data; record field exchange (RFX), or bulk record field exchange (Bulk RFX), is not implemented.

NoteNote

If you declare a recordset object without deriving from CRecordset, do not have the ODBC Cursor Library loaded. The cursor library requires that the recordset have at least one bound column; however, when you use CRecordset directly, none of the columns are bound. The member functions CDatabase::OpenEx and CDatabase::Open control whether the cursor library will be loaded.

GetFieldValue calls the ODBC API function SQLGetData. If your driver outputs the value SQL_NO_TOTAL for the actual length of the field value, GetFieldValue throws an exception. For more information about SQLGetData, see the Platform SDK.

This method can throw exceptions of type CDBException* and CMemoryException*.

The following sample code illustrates calls to GetFieldValue for a recordset object declared directly from CRecordset.

// Create and open a database object;
// do not load the cursor library
CDatabase db;
db.OpenEx( NULL, CDatabase::forceOdbcDialog );

// Create and open a recordset object
// directly from CRecordset. Note that a
// table must exist in a connected database.
// Use forwardOnly type recordset for best
// performance, since only MoveNext is required
CRecordset rs( &db );
rs.Open( CRecordset::forwardOnly,
         _T( "SELECT * FROM SomeTable" ) );

// Create a CDBVariant object to
// store field data
CDBVariant varValue;

// Loop through the recordset,
// using GetFieldValue and
// GetODBCFieldCount to retrieve
// data in all columns
short nFields = rs.GetODBCFieldCount( );
while( !rs.IsEOF( ) )
{
   for( short index = 0; index < nFields; index++ )
   {
      rs.GetFieldValue( index, varValue );
      // do something with varValue
   }
   rs.MoveNext( );
}

rs.Close( );
db.Close( );
NoteNote

Unlike the DAO class CDaoRecordset, CRecordset does not have a SetFieldValue member function. If you create an object directly from CRecordset, it is effectively read-only.

For more information about bulk row fetching, see the article Recordset: Fetching Records in Bulk (ODBC).

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