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Array.AsReadOnly<T> Method

Returns a read-only wrapper for the specified array.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static ReadOnlyCollection<T> AsReadOnly<T>(
	T[] array
)

Type Parameters

T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

array
Type: T[]

The one-dimensional, zero-based array to wrap in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection<T> wrapper.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.ObjectModel.ReadOnlyCollection<T>
A read-only ReadOnlyCollection<T> wrapper for the specified array.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

array is null.

To prevent any modifications to the array, expose the array only through this wrapper.

A collection that is read-only is simply a collection with a wrapper that prevents modifying the collection; therefore, if changes are made to the underlying collection, the read-only collection reflects those changes.

This method is an O(1) operation.

The following example wraps an array in a read-only ReadOnlyCollection<T>.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class SamplesArray  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox" };

      // Display the values of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The string array initially contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Create a read-only IList wrapper around the array.
      IList<String> myList = Array.AsReadOnly( myArr );

      // Display the values of the read-only IList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The read-only IList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myList );

      // Attempt to change a value through the wrapper. 
      try  {
         myList[3] = "CAT";
      }
      catch ( NotSupportedException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "{0} - {1}", e.GetType(), e.Message );
         Console.WriteLine();
      }

      // Change a value in the original array.
      myArr[2] = "RED";

      // Display the values of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Display the values of the read-only IList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myList );

   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( IList<String> myList )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myList[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

The read-only IList contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

System.NotSupportedException - Collection is read-only.

After changing the third element, the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : RED
   [3] : fox

After changing the third element, the read-only IList contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : RED
   [3] : fox

*/

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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