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ungetc, ungetwc

Pushes a character back onto the stream.

int ungetc(
   int c,
   FILE *stream 
);
wint_t ungetwc(
   wint_t c,
   FILE *stream 
);

Parameters

c
Character to be pushed.
stream
Pointer to FILE structure.

Return Value

If successful, each of these functions returns the character argument c. If c cannot be pushed back or if no character has been read, the input stream is unchanged and ungetc returns EOF; ungetwc returns WEOF.

Remarks

The ungetc function pushes the character c back onto stream and clears the end-of-file indicator. The stream must be open for reading. A subsequent read operation on stream starts with c. An attempt to push EOF onto the stream using ungetc is ignored.

Characters placed on the stream by ungetc may be erased if fflush, fseek, fsetpos, or rewind is called before the character is read from the stream. The file-position indicator will have the value it had before the characters were pushed back. The external storage corresponding to the stream is unchanged. On a successful ungetc call against a text stream, the file-position indicator is unspecified until all the pushed-back characters are read or discarded. On each successful ungetc call against a binary stream, the file-position indicator is decremented; if its value was 0 before a call, the value is undefined after the call.

Results are unpredictable if ungetc is called twice without a read or file-positioning operation between the two calls. After a call to fscanf, a call to ungetc may fail unless another read operation (such as getc) has been performed. This is because fscanf itself calls ungetc.

ungetwc is a wide-character version of ungetc. However, on each successful ungetwc call against a text or binary stream, the value of the file-position indicator is unspecified until all pushed-back characters are read or discarded.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine _UNICODE & _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined
_ungettc ungetc ungetc ungetwc

Requirements

Routine Required header Compatibility
ungetc <stdio.h> ANSI, Win 98, Win Me, Win NT, Win 2000, Win XP
ungetwc <stdio.h> or <wchar.h> ANSI, Win 98, Win Me, Win NT, Win 2000, Win XP

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

All versions of the C run-time libraries.

Example

// crt_ungetc.c
/* This program first converts a character
 * representation of an unsigned integer to an integer. If
 * the program encounters a character that is not a digit,
 * the program uses ungetc to replace it in the  stream.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>

int main( void )
{
   int ch;
   int result = 0;

   /* Read in and convert number: */
   while( ((ch = getchar()) != EOF) && isdigit( ch ) )
      result = result * 10 + ch - '0';    /* Use digit. */
   if( ch != EOF )
      ungetc( ch, stdin );                /* Put nondigit back. */
   printf( "Number = %d\nNext character in stream = '%c'", 
            result, getchar() );
}

Input

521a

Output

Number = 521
Next character in stream = 'a'

See Also

Stream I/O Routines | getc | putc | Run-Time Routines and .NET Framework Equivalents

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