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MsgBox Function (Visual Basic) 

Displays a message in a dialog box, waits for the user to click a button, and then returns an integer indicating which button the user clicked.


Public Function MsgBox( _
   ByVal Prompt As Object, _
   Optional ByVal Buttons As MsgBoxStyle = MsgBoxStyle.OKOnly, _
   Optional ByVal Title As Object = Nothing _
) As MsgBoxResult

Parameters

Prompt

Required. String expression displayed as the message in the dialog box. The maximum length of Prompt is approximately 1024 characters, depending on the width of the characters used. If Prompt consists of more than one line, you can separate the lines using a carriage return character (Chr(13)), a line feed character (Chr(10)), or a carriage return/linefeed character combination (Chr(13) & Chr(10)) between each line.

Buttons

Optional. Numeric expression that is the sum of values specifying the number and type of buttons to display, the icon style to use, the identity of the default button, and the modality of the message box. If you omit Buttons, the default value is zero.

Title

Optional. String expression displayed in the title bar of the dialog box. If you omit Title, the application name is placed in the title bar.

The MsgBoxStyle enumeration values are listed in the following table.

Member Value Description

OKOnly

0

Displays OK button only.

OKCancel

1

Displays OK and Cancel buttons.

AbortRetryIgnore

2

Displays Abort, Retry, and Ignore buttons.

YesNoCancel

3

Displays Yes, No, and Cancel buttons.

YesNo

4

Displays Yes and No buttons.

RetryCancel

5

Displays Retry and Cancel buttons.

Critical

16

Displays Critical Message icon.

Question

32

Displays Warning Query icon.

Exclamation

48

Displays Warning Message icon.

Information

64

Displays Information Message icon.

DefaultButton1

0

First button is default.

DefaultButton2

256

Second button is default.

DefaultButton3

512

Third button is default.

ApplicationModal

0

Application is modal. The user must respond to the message box before continuing work in the current application.

SystemModal

4096

System is modal. All applications are suspended until the user responds to the message box.

MsgBoxSetForeground

65536

Specifies the message box window as the foreground window.

MsgBoxRight

524288

Text is right-aligned.

MsgBoxRtlReading

1048576

Specifies text should appear as right-to-left reading on Hebrew and Arabic systems.

The first group of values (0–5) describes the number and type of buttons displayed in the dialog box. The second group (16, 32, 48, 64) describes the icon style. The third group (0, 256, 512) determines which button is the default. The fourth group (0, 4096) determines the modality of the message box, and the fifth group specifies whether or not the message box window is the foreground window, along with the alignment and direction of the text. When adding numbers to create a final value for the Buttons argument, use only one number from each group.

Constant Value

OK

1

Cancel

2

Abort

3

Retry

4

Ignore

5

Yes

6

No

7

Exception type Error number Condition

ArgumentException

5

Prompt is not a String expression, or Title is invalid.

InvalidOperationException

5

Process is not running in User Interactive mode.

InvalidEnumArgumentException

5

One or more parameters not a member of MsgBoxResult or MsgBoxStyle enumeration.

See the "Error number" column if you are upgrading Visual Basic 6.0 applications that use unstructured error handling. (You can compare the error number against the Number Property (Err Object).) However, when possible, you should consider replacing such error control with Structured Exception Handling Overview for Visual Basic.

If the dialog box displays a Cancel button, pressing the ESC key has the same effect as clicking Cancel. If the dialog box contains a Help button, context-sensitive Help is provided for the dialog box. However, no value is returned until one of the other buttons is clicked.

NoteNote

To specify more than the first argument, you must use the MsgBox function in an expression. If you omit any positional arguments, you must retain the corresponding comma delimiter.

NoteNote

The MsgBox function requires UIPermission at the SafeTopLevelWindows level, which may affect its execution in partial-trust situations. For more information, see Requesting Permissions and UIPermission.

This example uses the MsgBox function to display a critical-error message in a dialog box with Yes and No buttons. The No button is specified as the default response. This is done by combining the MsgBox constant values into one numeric expression. In this case, adding 4 (the Yes/No button combination) and 16 (the Critical Message window) and 256 (the second button as default button) gives a total of 276. The value returned by the MsgBox function depends on the button chosen by the user: Yes returns a value of 6; No returns a value of 7.

Dim msg As String
Dim title As String
Dim style As MsgBoxStyle
Dim response As MsgBoxResult
msg = "Do you want to continue?"   ' Define message.
style = MsgBoxStyle.DefaultButton2 Or _
   MsgBoxStyle.Critical Or MsgBoxStyle.YesNo
title = "MsgBox Demonstration"   ' Define title.
' Display message.
response = MsgBox(msg, style, title)
If response = MsgBoxResult.Yes Then   ' User chose Yes.
   ' Perform some action.
Else
   ' Perform some other action.
End If

Namespace: Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module: Interaction

Assembly: Visual Basic Runtime Library (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)

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