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number Function (XQuery)

Returns the numeric value of the node that is indicated by $arg.


fn:number() as xs:double? 
fn:number($arg as node()?) as xs:double?

$arg

Node whose value will be returned as a number.

If $arg is not specified, the numeric value of the context node, converted to a double, is returned. In SQL Server, fn:number() without an argument can only be used in the context of a context-dependent predicate. Specifically, it can only be used inside brackets ([ ]). For example, the following expression returns the <ROOT> element.

declare @x xml
set @x='<ROOT>111</ROOT>'
select @x.query('/ROOT[number()=111]')

If the value of the node is not a valid lexical representation of a numeric simple type, as defined in XML Schema Part 2:Datatypes, W3C Recommendation, the function returns an empty sequence. NaN is not supported.

This topic provides XQuery examples against XML instances stored in various xml type columns in the AdventureWorks database. For an overview of each of these columns, see xml Data Type Representation in the AdventureWorks Database.

A. Using the number() XQuery function to retrieve the numeric value of an attribute

The following query retrieves the numeric value of the lot size attribute from the first work center location in the manufacturing process of Product Model 7.

SELECT ProductModelID, Instructions.query('
declare namespace AWMI="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/07/adventure-works/ProductModelManuInstructions" ;
     for $i in (//AWMI:root//AWMI:Location)[1]
     return 
       <Location LocationID="{ ($i/@LocationID) }" 
                   LotSizeA="{  $i/@LotSize }"
                   LotSizeB="{  number($i/@LotSize) }"
                   LotSizeC="{ number($i/@LotSize) + 1 }" >
                   
       </Location>
') as Result
FROM Production.ProductModel
WHERE ProductModelID=7

Note the following from the previous query:

  • The number() function is not required, as shown by the query for the LotSizeA attribute. This is an XPath 1.0 function and is included primarily for backward compatibility reasons.

  • The XQuery for LotSizeB specifies the number function and is redundant.

  • The query for LotSizeD illustrates the use of a number value in an arithmetic operation.

This is the result:

ProductModelID   Result
----------------------------------------------
7              <Location LocationID="10" 
                         LotSizeA="100" 
                         LotSizeB="100" 
                         LotSizeC="101" />

Implementation Limitations

These are the limitations:

  • The number() function only accepts nodes. It does not accept atomic values.

  • When values cannot be returned as a number, the number() function returns the empty sequence instead of NaN.

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