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Registering for Application Restart

To register your application to be restarted, call the RegisterApplicationRestart function. Windows Error Reporting (WER) will restart your application if it has been running for at least 60 seconds before becoming unresponsive or encountering an unhandled exception.

You should consider also registering for recovery, which lets you save data and state information that may be helpful when WER restarts your application. WER will restart the application after the recovery process completes, if you also register for recovery.

After the recovery process completes, WER terminates the application and then restarts it. For console applications, the application is started in a separate console window that closes when the application exits.

Note for application installer authors:  Registering for application restart will also cause Windows to automatically restart the application after the computer is restarted in cases where the computer is restarted due to a software update. For this to work, the installer of the application must call the ExitWindowsEx function with the EWX_RESTARTAPPS flag set or the InitiateShutdown function with the SHUTDOWN_RESTARTAPPS flag set.

The following example shows how to register to have WER restart your application. The example causes an access violation after registering for application restart. The access violation will be picked up by Windows Error Reporting and will demonstrate the error reporting user experience, including application restart. It should be run from a console window with no command line arguments.



#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <strsafe.h>

#define RESTART_SWITCH L"/restart"

void GetRestartInfo(int argc, wchar_t* argv[], BOOL* pfIsRestart, DWORD* pdwRecordId); 
DWORD InitApplication(BOOL fIsRestart, DWORD* pdwRecordId); 
BOOL WINAPI CtrlHandler(DWORD dwControlType);
DWORD WINAPI Recover(PVOID pContext);

// A simple example to show how to use application recovery. For simplicity,
// the state information (record ID) is passed as part of the command line. 
void wmain(int argc, wchar_t* argv[])
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    DWORD dwRecordId = 0;
    BOOL fIsRestart = FALSE;

    GetRestartInfo(argc, argv, &fIsRestart, &dwRecordId);

    if (FAILED(hr = InitApplication(fIsRestart, &dwRecordId)))
    {
        wprintf(L"Failed to initialize the application.\n");
        goto cleanup;
    }

    // Do work. If you have a lot of state information, you should
    // periodically persist the state information to save time
    // in the recovery process.

    // The application must exist for at least 60 seconds for the
    // application to be restarted. Use Sleep() to mimic 60 seconds
    // worth of work.
    wprintf(L"Sleeping...\n");
    Sleep(62 * 1000);

    // Set the record ID to verify restart value.
    dwRecordId = 10;

    // Generate an access violation to force a restart. If we've already
    // restarted just exit because the example already demonstrated
    // the restart feature.
    if (FALSE == fIsRestart)
    {
        wprintf(L"Causing access violation...\n");
        int* p = NULL;
        *p = 5;
    }

cleanup:

    wprintf(L"Exiting...\n");
}


// Get the restart info from the command line. The command line is 
// of the form, /restart -r <RecordId>. The application 
// is being restarted if the first argument is /restart.
void GetRestartInfo(int argc, wchar_t* argv[], BOOL* pfIsRestart, DWORD* pdwRecordId) 
{
    if (argc > 1)
    {
        if (!wcsncmp(RESTART_SWITCH, argv[1], sizeof(RESTART_SWITCH)))
        {
            *pfIsRestart = TRUE;
            *pdwRecordId = _wtoi(argv[3]);
        }
    }

}

// Initialize the application. If this is a restart, use the state 
// information to reset the state of the application. This example 
// does not fail the initialization process if the process of 
// registering for application recovery and restart failed.
DWORD InitApplication(BOOL fIsRestart, DWORD* pdwRecordId)
{
    DWORD status = ERROR_SUCCESS;  // Set only if the initializing the application fails,
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;             // not if registering for recovery and restart fails.
    WCHAR wsCommandLine[RESTART_MAX_CMD_LINE];

    wprintf(L"Entering InitApplication...\n");

    if (fIsRestart)
    {
        // TODO: Use the record ID to initialize the application.
        wprintf(L"Restart record ID is %lu\n", *pdwRecordId);
    }
    else
    {
        // This is not a restart, so initialize the application accordingly.
    }

    // Register for restart. The command line is updated in the recovery callback.
    RtlZeroMemory(wsCommandLine, sizeof(wsCommandLine));
    StringCchPrintf(wsCommandLine, sizeof(wsCommandLine), L"/restart -r %lu", *pdwRecordId);

    hr = RegisterApplicationRestart(wsCommandLine, RESTART_NO_PATCH | RESTART_NO_REBOOT);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        // Not failing because the registration failed.
        wprintf(L"RegisterApplicationRestart failed with ox%x.\n", hr);
        goto cleanup;
    }

    // Register the callback that handles the control event notifications.
    // Used for recovery when an installer is updating a component of the
    // application.
    if (!SetConsoleCtrlHandler(CtrlHandler, TRUE))
    {
        // Not failing initialization because the registration failed.
        // Consider calling UnregisterApplicationRestart if you must
        // have the latest state information.
        wprintf(L"SetConsoleCtrlHandler failed.\n");
        goto cleanup;
    }

    // Register the callback that handles recovery when the application
    // encounters an unhandled exception or becomes unresponsive.
    hr = RegisterApplicationRecoveryCallback(Recover, pdwRecordId, RECOVERY_DEFAULT_PING_INTERVAL, 0);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        // Not failing initialization because the registration failed.
        // Consider calling UnregisterApplicationRestart if you must
        // have the latest state information.
        wprintf(L"RegisterApplicationRecoveryCallback failed with ox%x.\n", hr);
        goto cleanup;
    }

cleanup:

    return hr;
}


// Implement the callback for handling control character events.
// You'd implement this callback if an installer could update a
// component of your application. The system sends a CTRL_C_EVENT
// notification when an installer needs to shutdown your application
// or restart the computer in order to complete the installation.
// You can use the CTRL_C_EVENT to save final state information or
// data before exiting.
BOOL WINAPI CtrlHandler(DWORD dwControlType)
{
    wprintf(L"Entering CtrlHandler...\n");

    switch (dwControlType)
    {
        case CTRL_C_EVENT:
            wprintf(L"Handling CTRL_C_EVENT\n");
            return FALSE;

        // Other cases go here.

        default: 
            wprintf(L"Other, %ul\n", dwControlType);
            return FALSE;
    }
}


// Implement the recovery callback. This callback lets the application
// save state information or data in the event that the application
// encounters an unhandled exception or becomes unresponsive.
DWORD WINAPI Recover(PVOID pContext)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    BOOL bCanceled = FALSE;
    DWORD dwRecordId = *(DWORD*)pContext;
    WCHAR wsCommandLine[RESTART_MAX_CMD_LINE];

    wprintf(L"Entering Recover callback...\n");

    // Do recovery work. 

    // Update the restart command line.
    RtlZeroMemory(wsCommandLine, sizeof(wsCommandLine));
    StringCchPrintf(wsCommandLine, sizeof(wsCommandLine), L"/restart -r %lu", dwRecordId);

    hr = RegisterApplicationRestart(wsCommandLine, RESTART_NO_PATCH | RESTART_NO_REBOOT);
    if (FAILED(hr))
    {
        // Not failing because the registration failed.
        wprintf(L"RegisterApplicationRestart failed with ox%x.\n", hr);
    }

    // You must call the ApplicationRecoveryInProgress function within
    // the specified ping interval or the recovery callback exits.
    // Typically, you would do a block of work, call the function, and repeat.
    hr = ApplicationRecoveryInProgress(&bCanceled);
    if (bCanceled)  
    {
        wprintf(L"Recovery was canceled by the user.\n");
        goto cleanup;
    }

    // Do more recovery work. 
    
    // You could also call the RegisterApplicationRestart function to
    // update the command line used for the restart.

cleanup:

    // Save the state file.

    wprintf(L"Leaving Recover callback...\n");
    ApplicationRecoveryFinished((bCanceled) ? FALSE: TRUE);

    return 0;
}


 

 

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