Exportovat (0) Tisk
Rozbalit vše
EN
Tento obsah není k dispozici ve vašem jazyce, ale můžete využít tuto verzi v anglickém jazyce.

Installation Context

Windows Installer can install a package on a computer into two installation contexts: per-machine and per-user. A per-machine installation of the package is required to enable all users of the computer to access and use the application. Because a per-machine installation makes changes to the system that affect all users, standard users having limited privileges may be prevented from installing a package into the per-machine context without first obtaining permission.

You can specify installation context by authoring the package for per-user or per-machine installation and using the ALLUSERS and MSIINSTALLPERUSER properties. Based on these properties, Windows Installer automatically redirects the values of folder properties and registrations to locations for the per-user or per-machine context.

Note  The MSIINSTALLPERUSER property, available beginning with Windows Installer 5.0 and Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7, can facilitate the development of a single package capable of being installed in either the per-machine or per-user context. For information about developing a dual-purpose package that gives the user the capability to choose the installation context at installation time, see Single Package Authoring. Windows Installer ignores the MSIINSTALLPERUSER property if the value of ALLUSERS is not 2. Windows Installer always resets the value of ALLUSERS to 1 when it installs in the per-machine context and resets the value of ALLUSERS to an empty string ("") when it installs in the per-user context.

Shortcut Redirection

The following table compares the locations of shortcuts for per-machine and per-user installation contexts.

Per-Machine Installation Context (ALLUSERS=1)Per-User Installation Context (ALLUSERS="")

Applications appear under Add/Remove Programs on Control Panel for all users of the computer.

Applications appear only under Add/Remove Programs on Control Panel for users that have installed the applications.

Shortcuts are installed to the All Users profile.

Shortcuts are installed only to that user's profile.

Icons and transforms are stored in %WINDOWS%\Installer\{ProductCode}.

Icons and transforms are stored in %USERPROFILE%\Application Data\Microsoft\Installer\{ProductCode GUID}

 

Registry Redirection

The following table compares the locations of registry entries for the per-machine and per-user installation contexts.

Per-Machine Installation Context (ALLUSERS=1)Per-User Installation Context (ALLUSERS="")

Windows Installer writes or removes registry values entered in the Registry table and RemoveRegistry table, with the value -1 in the Root column, under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

Windows Installer writes or removes registry values entered in the Registry table and RemoveRegistry table, with the value -1 in the Root column, under HKEY_CURRENT_USER.

Windows Installer writes or removes registry values entered in the Registry table and RemoveRegistry table, with the value msidbRegistryRootClassesRoot (0) in the Root column, under HKLM\Software\Classes.

Windows Installer writes or removes registry values entered in the Registry table and RemoveRegistry table, with the value msidbRegistryRootClassesRoot (0) in the Root column, under HKCU\Software\Classes.

COM registration is written to HKLM\Software\Classes.

COM registration is written to HKCU\Software\Classes.

 

Folder Redirection

Windows Installer sets the values of the folder properties to the full path of the respective folder for the installation context.

Note  Folders are identified by their KNOWNFOLDERID and CSIDL constants. Beginning with Windows Vista, applications should use the SHGetKnownFolderPath function and the KNOWNFOLDERID to determine the full path to the special folders. Existing applications that use the SHGetFolderPath function and constant special item IDs (CSIDL) will continue to work.

The following table compares the locations of folders that are used when Windows Installer installs the package in the per-machine or per-user installation contexts.

Per-Machine Installation Context (ALLUSERS=1)Per-User Installation Context (ALLUSERS="")
DesktopFolder

The full path of the Desktop folder for all users.

FOLDERID_PublicDesktop (CSIDL_COMMON_DESKTOPDIRECTORY)

DesktopFolder

The full path of the Desktop folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Desktop (CSIDL_DESKTOP, CSIDL_DESKTOPDIRECTORY)

ProgramMenuFolder

The full path of the Program Menu folder for all users.

FOLDERID_CommonPrograms (CSIDL_COMMON_PROGRAMS)

ProgramMenuFolder

The full path of the Program Menu folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Programs (CSIDL_PROGRAMS)

StartMenuFolder

The full path of the Start Menu folder for the all users.

FOLDERID_CommonStartMenu (CSIDL_COMMON_STARTMENU)

StartMenuFolder

The full path of the Start Menu folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_StartMenu (CSIDL_STARTMENU)

StartUpFolder

The full path of the Start Up folder for all users.

FOLDERID_CommonStartup (CSIDL_COMMON_STARTUP)

StartUpFolder

The full path of the Start Up folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Startup (CSIDL_STARTUP)

TemplateFolder

The full path of the Templates folder for all users.

FOLDERID_CommonTemplates (CSIDL_COMMON_TEMPLATES)

TemplateFolder

The full path of the Templates folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Templates (CSIDL_TEMPLATES)

AdminToolsFolder

The full path of the Admin Tools folder for all users.

FOLDERID_CommonAdminTools (CSIDL_COMMON_ADMINTOOLS)

AdminToolsFolder

The full path of the Admin Tools folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_AdminTools (CSIDL_ADMINTOOLS)

AppDataFolder

The full path of the Program Menu folder.

Windows Vista and later:  The full path of the Roaming folder.

FOLDERID_RoamingAppData (CSIDL_APPDATA)

AppDataFolder

The full path of the Program Menu folder.

Windows Vista and later:  The full path of the Roaming folder.

FOLDERID_RoamingAppData (CSIDL_APPDATA)

CommonAppDataFolder

The full path of the folder that contains application data for all users.

FOLDERID_ProgramData (CSIDL_COMMON_APPDATA)

CommonAppDataFolder

The full path of the folder that contains application data for all users.

FOLDERID_ProgramData (CSIDL_COMMON_APPDATA)

FavoritesFolder

The full path of the Favorites folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Favorites (CSIDL_FAVORITES)

FavoritesFolder

The full path of the Favorites folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Favorites (CSIDL_FAVORITES)

PersonalFolder

The full path of the My Documents folder or Personal folder for the current user.

Windows Vista and later:  The full path of the Documents folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Documents (CSIDL_PERSONAL)

PersonalFolder

The full path of the My Documents folder or Personal folder for the current user.

Windows Vista and later:  The full path of the Documents folder for the current user.

FOLDERID_Documents (CSIDL_PERSONAL)

SendToFolder

The full path of the SendTo folder.

FOLDERID_SendTo (CSIDL_SENDTO)

SendToFolder

The full path of the SendTo folder.

FOLDERID_SendTo (CSIDL_SENDTO)

FontsFolder

The full path of the System Fonts folder.

FOLDERID_Fonts (CSIDL_FONTS)

FontsFolder

The full path of the System Fonts folder.

FOLDERID_Fonts (CSIDL_FONTS)

ProgramFilesFolder

32-bit version of Windows:  The property value is the full path to the Program Files folder for all users (for example, %ProgramFiles%.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_ProgramFiles (CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILES.) The identifiers FOLDERID_ProgramFiles and FOLDERID_ProgramFilesX86 represent the same folder. Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

64-bit version of Windows:  The property value is the full path to the Program Files (x86) folder for all users (for example, %ProgramFiles(x86)%.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_ProgramFilesX86 (CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILESX86.) Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

ProgramFilesFolder

Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7:  The property value is the full path of the Programs folder for the current user (for example, %LocalAppData%\Programs.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_UserProgramFiles on 32-bit and 64-bit systems. There is no equivalent CSIDL identifier for FOLDERID_UserProgramFiles. Files in this folder can be accessed only by the user that installed this folder.

Windows Server 2008 and earlier, and Windows Vista and earlier:  No per-user capable folder is available. The path is the same as for the per-machine context (for example, %ProgramFiles% or %ProgramFiles(x86)%.) Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

CommonFilesFolder

32-bit version of Windows:  The property value is the full path to the Common Files folder for all users (for example, %ProgramFiles%\Common Files.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_ProgramFilesCommon (CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILES_COMMON.) The identifiers FOLDERID_ProgramFilesCommon and FOLDERID_ProgramFilesCommonX86 represent the same folder. Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

64-bit version of Windows:  The property value is the full path to the Common Files folder for all users (for example, %ProgramFiles(x86)%\Common Files.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_ProgramFilesCommonX86 (CSIDL_PROGRAM_FILES_COMMONX86.) Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

CommonFilesFolder

Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7:  The property value is the full path of the Common folder for the current user (for example, %LocalAppData%\Programs\Common.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_UserProgramFilesCommon on 32-bit and 64-bit systems. There is no equivalent CSIDL identifier for FOLDERID_UserProgramFilesCommon. Files in this folder can be accessed only by the user that installed this folder.

Windows Server 2008 and earlier, and Windows Vista and earlier:  No per-user capable folder is available. The path is the same as in the per-machine context (for example, %ProgramFiles%\Common Files or %ProgramFiles(x86)%\Common Files.) Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

ProgramFiles64Folder

The property value is the full path to the Program Files folder for all users (for example, %ProgramFiles%.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_ProgramFilesX64. There is no equivalent CSIDL identifier to FOLDERID_ProgramFilesX64. This is the pre-defined folder for 64-bit components and applies to 64-bit systems. Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

ProgramFiles64Folder

Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7:  The property value is the full path of the Programs folder for the current user (for example, %LocalAppData%\Programs.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_UserProgramFiles. There is no equivalent CSIDL identifier for FOLDERID_UserProgramFiles. Files in this folder can be accessed only by the user that installed this folder.

Windows Server 2008 and earlier, and Windows Vista and earlier:  No per-user capable folder is available. The path is the same as for the per-machine context (for example, %ProgramFiles%.) Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

CommonFiles64Folder

The property value is the full path to the Common Files folder for all users (for example, %ProgramFiles%\Common Files.) This is the pre-defined folder for 64-bit components and applies to 64-bit systems. The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_ProgramFilesCommonX64. There is no equivalent CSIDL identifier to FOLDERID_ProgramFilesCommonX64. Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

CommonFiles64Folder

Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7:  The property value is the full path of the Common folder for the current user (for example, %LocalAppData%\Programs\Common.) The identifier for this folder is FOLDERID_UserProgramFilesCommon. There is no equivalent CSIDL identifier for FOLDERID_UserProgramFilesCommon. Files in this folder can be accessed only by the user that installed this folder.

Windows Server 2008 and earlier, and Windows Vista and earlier:  No per-user capable folder is available. The path is the same as for the per-machine context (for example, %ProgramFiles%\Common Files.) Files in this folder can be accessed by all users.

WindowsFolder

The full path of the Windows folder.

FOLDERID_Windows (CSIDL_WINDOWS)

WindowsFolder

The full path of the Windows folder.

FOLDERID_Windows (CSIDL_WINDOWS)

SystemFolder

The full path of the System folder.

FOLDERID_SystemX86 (CSIDL_SYSTEMX86)

SystemFolder

The full path of the System folder.

FOLDERID_SystemX86 (CSIDL_SYSTEMX86)

LocalAppDataFolder

The full path of the folder that contains local (nonroaming) applications.

FOLDERID_LocalAppData (CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA)

LocalAppDataFolder

The full path of the folder that contains local (nonroaming) applications.

FOLDERID_LocalAppData (CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA)

MyPicturesFolder

The full path of the Pictures or My Pictures folder.

FOLDERID_Pictures (CSIDL_MYPICTURES)

MyPicturesFolder

The full path of the Pictures or My Pictures folder.

FOLDERID_Pictures (CSIDL_MYPICTURES)

PrintHoodFolder

The full path of the PrintHood folder.

FOLDERID_PrintHood (CSIDL_PRINTHOOD)

PrintHoodFolder

The full path of the PrintHood folder.

FOLDERID_PrintHood (CSIDL_PRINTHOOD)

NetHoodFolder

The full path of the NetHood folder.

FOLDERID_NetHood (CSIDL_NETHOOD)

NetHoodFolder

The full path of the NetHood folder.

FOLDERID_NetHood (CSIDL_NETHOOD)

RecentFolder

The full path of the Recent folder.

FOLDERID_Recent (CSIDL_RECENT)

RecentFolder

The full path of the Recent folder.

FOLDERID_Recent (CSIDL_RECENT)

 

Note  An application can call the MsiEnumProducts or MsiEnumProductsEx functions to enumerate all the products installed on the system. The application can then retrieve information about the installation context of these products by calling the MsiGetProductInfoEx or MsiGetProductInfo functions. For information see Determining Installation Context.

 

 

Obsah vytvořený komunitou

Přidat
Zobrazit:
© 2014 Microsoft