GridView class

Applies to Windows and Windows Phone

Represents a control that displays a horizontal grid of data items.

Inheritance

Object
  DependencyObject
    UIElement
      FrameworkElement
        Control
          ItemsControl
            Selector
              ListViewBase
                GridView

Syntax


public class GridView : ListViewBase


<GridView .../>
-or-
<GridView ...>
  oneOrMoreComponents
</GridView>

XAML Values

oneOrMoreComponents

One or more components that establish the view's ItemsControl characteristics. For example, the GridView might contain object elements that perform inline definitions for GroupStyle, ItemTemplate, ItemContainerStyle or ItemsPanel.

A GridView might also contain object elements that declare the actual content being viewed, which populate the Items collection. However, it is more common to have such content come from a data binding source.

Attributes

[MarshalingBehavior(Agile)]
[Threading(Both)]
[Version(0x06020000)]
[WebHostHidden()]

Members

The GridView class has these types of members:

Constructors

The GridView class has these constructors.

ConstructorDescription
GridView Initializes a new instance of the GridView class.

 

Events

The GridView class has these events.

EventDescription
ContainerContentChanging Occurs when the data item associated with a UI container changes. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
DataContextChanged Occurs when the value of the FrameworkElement.DataContext property changes. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
DoubleTapped Occurs when an otherwise unhandled DoubleTap interaction occurs over the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
DragEnter Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drag event with this element as the target. (Inherited from UIElement)
DragItemsStarting Occurs when a drag operation that involves one of the items in the view is initiated. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
DragLeave Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drag event with this element as the origin. (Inherited from UIElement)
DragOver Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drag event with this element as the potential drop target. (Inherited from UIElement)
Drop Occurs when the input system reports an underlying drop event with this element as the drop target. (Inherited from UIElement)
GotFocus Occurs when a UIElement receives focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
Holding Occurs when an otherwise unhandled Hold interaction occurs over the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
IsEnabledChanged Occurs when the IsEnabled property changes. (Inherited from Control)
ItemClick Occurs when an item in the list view receives an interaction, and the IsItemClickEnabled property is true. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
KeyDown Occurs when a keyboard key is pressed while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
KeyUp Occurs when a keyboard key is released while the UIElement has focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
LayoutUpdated Occurs when the layout of the visual tree changes, due to layout-relevant properties changing value or some other action that refreshes the layout. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
Loaded Occurs when a FrameworkElement has been constructed and added to the object tree, and is ready for interaction. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
LostFocus Occurs when a UIElement loses focus. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationCompleted Occurs when a manipulation on the UIElement is complete. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationDelta Occurs when the input device changes position during a manipulation. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationInertiaStarting Occurs when the input device loses contact with the UIElement object during a manipulation and inertia begins. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationStarted Occurs when an input device begins a manipulation on the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
ManipulationStarting Occurs when the manipulation processor is first created. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerCanceled Occurs when a pointer that made contact abnormally loses contact. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerCaptureLost Occurs when pointer capture previously held by this element moves to another element or elsewhere. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerEntered Occurs when a pointer enters the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerExited Occurs when a pointer leaves the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerMoved Occurs when a pointer moves while the pointer remains within the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerPressed Occurs when the pointer device initiates a Press action within this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerReleased Occurs when the pointer device that previously initiated a Press action is released, while within this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
PointerWheelChanged Occurs when the delta value of a pointer wheel changes. (Inherited from UIElement)
RightTapped Occurs when a right-tap input stimulus happens while the pointer is over the element. (Inherited from UIElement)
SelectionChanged Occurs when the currently selected item changes. (Inherited from Selector)
SizeChanged Occurs when either the ActualHeight or the ActualWidth property changes value on a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
Tapped Occurs when an otherwise unhandled Tap interaction occurs over the hit test area of this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
Unloaded Occurs when this object is no longer connected to the main object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

 

Methods

The GridView class has these methods. It also inherits methods from the Object class.

MethodDescription
AddHandler Adds a routed event handler for a specified routed event, adding the handler to the handler collection on the current element. Specify handledEventsToo as true to have the provided handler be invoked even if the event is handled elsewhere. (Inherited from UIElement)
ApplyTemplate Loads the relevant control template so that its parts can be referenced. (Inherited from Control)
Arrange Positions child objects and determines a size for a UIElement. Parent objects that implement custom layout for their child elements should call this method from their layout override implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement)
ArrangeOverride Provides the behavior for the Arrange pass of layout. Classes can override this method to define their own Arrange pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
CancelDirectManipulations Cancels ongoing direct manipulation processing (system-defined panning/zooming) on any ScrollViewer parent that contains the current UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
CapturePointer Sets pointer capture to a UIElement. Once captured, only the element that has capture will fire pointer-related events. (Inherited from UIElement)
ClearContainerForItemOverride Undoes the effects of the PrepareContainerForItemOverride method. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
ClearValue Clears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
CompleteViewChange Changes related aspects of presentation when the overall view for a SemanticZoom changes. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
CompleteViewChangeFrom Completes item-wise operations that are related to a view change when the ListViewBase instance is the source view and the new view is a potentially different implementing view. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
CompleteViewChangeTo Completes item-wise operations that are related to a view change when the ListViewBase instance is the destination view and the source view is a potentially different implementing view. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
ContainerFromIndex Returns the container for the item at the specified index within the ItemCollection. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
ContainerFromItem Returns the container corresponding to the specified item. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
FindName Retrieves an object that has the specified identifier name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
FindSubElementsForTouchTargeting Enables a UIElement subclass to expose child elements that assist with resolving touch targeting. (Inherited from UIElement)
Focus Attempts to set the focus on the control. (Inherited from Control)
GetAnimationBaseValue Returns any base value established for a dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetBindingExpression Returns the BindingExpression that represents the binding on the specified property. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
GetContainerForItemOverride Creates or identifies the element that is used to display the given item. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
GetTemplateChild Retrieves the named element in the instantiated ControlTemplate visual tree. (Inherited from Control)
GetValue Returns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
GoToElementStateCore When implemented in a derived class, enables per-state construction of a visual tree for a control template in code, rather than by loading XAML for all states at control startup. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
IndexFromContainer Returns the index to the item that has the specified, generated container. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
InitializeViewChange Initializes the changes to related aspects of presentation (such as scrolling UI or state) when the overall view for a SemanticZoom is about to change. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
InvalidateArrange Invalidates the arrange state (layout) for a UIElement. After the invalidation, the UIElement will have its layout updated, which will occur asynchronously. (Inherited from UIElement)
InvalidateMeasure Invalidates the measurement state (layout) for a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
IsItemItsOwnContainerOverride Determines whether the specified item is (or is eligible to be) its own container. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
ItemFromContainer Returns the item that corresponds to the specified, generated container. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
LoadMoreItemsAsync Initiates the asynchronous request to load more data items, in accordance with the active incremental loading settings. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
MakeVisible Forces content in the view to scroll until the item that's specified by SemanticZoomLocation is visible. Also focuses the item if it finds the item. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
Measure Updates the DesiredSize of a UIElement. Typically, objects that implement custom layout for their layout children call this method from their own MeasureOverride implementations to form a recursive layout update. (Inherited from UIElement)
MeasureOverride Provides the behavior for the Measure pass of the layout cycle. Classes can override this method to define their own Measure pass behavior. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
OnApplyTemplate Invoked whenever application code or internal processes (such as a rebuilding layout pass) call ApplyTemplate. In simplest terms, this means the method is called just before a UI element displays in your app. Override this method to influence the default post-template logic of a class. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
OnCreateAutomationPeer When implemented in a derived class, returns class-specific AutomationPeer implementations for the Microsoft UI Automation infrastructure. (Inherited from UIElement)
OnDisconnectVisualChildren Override this method to implement how layout and logic should behave when items are removed from a class-specific content or children property. (Inherited from UIElement)
OnDoubleTapped Called before the DoubleTapped event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnDragEnter Called before the DragEnter event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnDragLeave Called before the DragLeave event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnDragOver Called before the DragOver event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnDrop Called before the Drop event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnGotFocus Called before the GotFocus event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnGroupStyleSelectorChanged Invoked when the value of the GroupStyleSelector property changes. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
OnHolding Called before the Holding event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnItemContainerStyleChanged Invoked when the value of the ItemContainerStyle property changes. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
OnItemContainerStyleSelectorChanged Invoked when the value of the ItemContainerStyleSelector property changes. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
OnItemsChanged Invoked when the value of the Items property changes. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
OnItemTemplateChanged Invoked when the value of the ItemTemplate property changes. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
OnItemTemplateSelectorChanged Invoked when the value of the ItemTemplateSelector property changes. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
OnKeyDown Called before the KeyDown event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnKeyUp Called before the KeyUp event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnLostFocus Called before the LostFocus event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnManipulationCompleted Called before the ManipulationCompleted event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnManipulationDelta Called before the ManipulationDelta event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnManipulationInertiaStarting Called before the ManipulationInertiaStarting event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnManipulationStarted Called before the ManipulationStarted event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnManipulationStarting Called before the ManipulationStarting event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerCanceled Called before the PointerCanceled event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerCaptureLost Called before the PointerCaptureLost event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerEntered Called before the PointerEntered event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerExited Called before the PointerExited event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerMoved Called before the PointerMoved event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerPressed Called before the PointerPressed event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerReleased Called before the PointerReleased event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnPointerWheelChanged Called before the PointerWheelChanged event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnRightTapped Called before the RightTapped event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
OnTapped Called before the Tapped event occurs. (Inherited from Control)
PrepareContainerForItemOverride Prepares the specified element to display the specified item. (Inherited from ItemsControl)
ReadLocalValue Returns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
ReleasePointerCapture Releases pointer captures for capture of one specific pointer by this UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)
ReleasePointerCaptures Releases all pointer captures held by this element. (Inherited from UIElement)
RemoveHandler Removes the specified routed event handler from this UIElement. Typically the handler in question was added by AddHandler. (Inherited from UIElement)
ScrollIntoView(Object) Scrolls the list to bring the specified data item into view. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
ScrollIntoView(Object, ScrollIntoViewAlignment) Scrolls the list to bring the specified data item into view with the specified alignment. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
SelectAll Selects all the items in a view. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
SetBinding Attaches a binding to a FrameworkElement, using the provided binding object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)
SetDesiredContainerUpdateDuration Sets the maximum target time between two render passes when a ListViewBase is updating its UI with data items during initial load or scrolling. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
SetValue Sets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject)
StartViewChangeFrom Initializes item-wise operations that are related to a view change when the ListViewBase instance is the source view and the pending destination view is a potentially different implementing view. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
StartViewChangeTo Initializes item-wise operations that are related to a view change when the source view is a different view and the pending destination view is the ListViewBase instance. (Inherited from ListViewBase)
TransformToVisual Returns a transform object that can be used to transform coordinates from the UIElement to the specified object. (Inherited from UIElement)
UpdateLayout Ensures that all positions of child objects of a UIElement are properly updated for layout. (Inherited from UIElement)

 

Properties

The GridView class has these properties.

PropertyAccess typeDescription

ActualHeight

Read-onlyGets the rendered height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

ActualWidth

Read-onlyGets the rendered width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

AllowDrop

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether this UIElement can be a drop target for purposes of drag-and-drop operations. (Inherited from UIElement)

Background

Read/writeGets or sets a brush that provides the background of the control. (Inherited from Control)

BaseUri

Read-onlyGets a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that represents the base Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for an XAML-constructed object at XAML load time. This property is useful for Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) resolution at run time. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

BorderBrush

Read/writeGets or sets a brush that describes the border background of a control. (Inherited from Control)

BorderThickness

Read/writeGets or sets the border thickness of a control. (Inherited from Control)

CacheMode

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates that rendered content should be cached as a composited bitmap when possible. (Inherited from UIElement)

CanDragItems

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether items in the view can be dragged as data payload. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

CanReorderItems

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether items in the view can be reordered through user interaction. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

CharacterSpacing

Read/writeGets or sets the uniform spacing between characters, in units of 1/1000 of an em. (Inherited from Control)

Clip

Read/writeGets or sets the RectangleGeometry used to define the outline of the contents of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

CompositeMode

Read/writeGets or sets a property that declares alternate composition and blending modes for the element in its parent layout and window. This is relevant for elements that are involved in a mixed XAML / Microsoft DirectX UI. (Inherited from UIElement)

DataContext

Read/writeGets or sets the data context for a FrameworkElement when it participates in data binding. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

DataFetchSize

Read/writeGets or sets the amount of data to fetch for virtualizing/prefetch operations. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

DefaultStyleKey

Read/writeGets or sets the key that references the default style for the control. Authors of custom controls use this property to change the default for the style that their control uses. (Inherited from Control)

DesiredSize

Read-onlyGets the size that this UIElement computed during the measure pass of the layout process. (Inherited from UIElement)

Dispatcher

Read-onlyGets the CoreDispatcher that this object is associated with. (Inherited from DependencyObject)

DisplayMemberPath

Read/writeGets or sets the name or path of the property that is displayed for each data item. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

FlowDirection

Read/writeGets or sets the direction in which text and other UI elements flow within any parent element that controls their layout. This property can be set to either LeftToRight or RightToLeft. Setting FlowDirection to RightToLeft on any element sets the alignment to the right, the reading order to right-to-left and the layout of the control to flow from right to left. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

FocusState

Read-onlyGets a value that specifies whether this control has focus, and the mode by which focus was obtained. (Inherited from Control)

FontFamily

Read/writeGets or sets the font used to display text in the control. (Inherited from Control)

FontSize

Read/writeGets or sets the size of the text in this control. (Inherited from Control)

FontStretch

Read/writeGets or sets the degree to which a font is condensed or expanded on the screen. (Inherited from Control)

FontStyle

Read/writeGets or sets the style in which the text is rendered. (Inherited from Control)

FontWeight

Read/writeGets or sets the thickness of the specified font. (Inherited from Control)

Footer

Read/writeGets or sets the content for the list footer. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

FooterTemplate

Read/writeGets or sets the DataTemplate used to display the content of the view footer. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

FooterTransitions

Read/writeGets or sets the collection of Transition style elements that apply to the view footer. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

Foreground

Read/writeGets or sets a brush that describes the foreground color. (Inherited from Control)

GroupStyle

Read-onlyGets a collection of GroupStyle objects that define the appearance of each level of groups. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

GroupStyleSelector

Read/writeGets or sets a reference to a custom GroupStyleSelector logic class. The GroupStyleSelector returns different GroupStyle values to use for content based on the characteristics of that content. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

Header

Read/writeGets or sets the content for the list header. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

HeaderTemplate

Read/writeGets or sets the DataTemplate used to display the content of the view header. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

HeaderTransitions

Read/writeGets or sets the collection of Transition style elements that apply to the view header. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

Height

Read/writeGets or sets the suggested height of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

HorizontalAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets the horizontal alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a layout parent, such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

HorizontalContentAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets the horizontal alignment of the control's content. (Inherited from Control)

IncrementalLoadingThreshold

Read/writeGets or sets the threshold range that governs when the ListViewBase class will begin to prefetch more items. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

IncrementalLoadingTrigger

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates the conditions for prefetch operations by the ListViewBase class. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

IsActiveView

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the ListViewBase instance is the active view in its owning SemanticZoom. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

IsDoubleTapEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the DoubleTapped event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value indicating whether the user can interact with the control. (Inherited from Control)

IsGrouping

Read-onlyGets a value that indicates whether the control is using grouping. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

IsHitTestVisible

Read/writeGets or sets whether the contained area of this UIElement can return true values for hit testing. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsHoldingEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the Holding event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsItemClickEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether items in the view fire an ItemClick event in response to interaction. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

IsRightTapEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the RightTapped event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsSwipeEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the view supports discrete input processing for a swipe interaction. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

IsSynchronizedWithCurrentItem

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether a Selector should keep the SelectedItem synchronized with the current item in the Items property. (Inherited from Selector)

IsTabStop

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether a control is included in tab navigation. (Inherited from Control)

IsTapEnabled

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether the Tapped event can originate from that element. (Inherited from UIElement)

IsZoomedInView

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the ListViewBase instance is the zoomed-in view in its owning SemanticZoom. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

ItemContainerGenerator

Read-onlyGets the ItemContainerGenerator associated with this ItemsControl. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemContainerStyle

Read/writeGets or sets the style that is used when rendering the item containers. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemContainerStyleSelector

Read/writeGets or sets a reference to a custom StyleSelector logic class. The StyleSelector returns different Style values to use for the item container based on characteristics of the object being displayed. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemContainerTransitions

Read/writeGets or sets the collection of Transition style elements that apply to the item containers of an ItemsControl. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

Items

Read-onlyGets the collection used to generate the content of the control. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemsPanel

Read/writeGets or sets the template that defines the panel that controls the layout of items. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemsPanelRoot

Read-onlyGets the Panel specified by ItemsPanel. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemsSource

Read/writeGets or sets an object source used to generate the content of the ItemsControl. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemTemplate

Read/writeGets or sets the DataTemplate used to display each item. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

ItemTemplateSelector

Read/writeGets or sets a reference to a custom DataTemplateSelector logic class. The DataTemplateSelector referenced by this property returns a template to apply to items. (Inherited from ItemsControl)

Language

Read/writeGets or sets localization/globalization language information that applies to a FrameworkElement, and also to all child elements of the current FrameworkElement in the object representation and in UI. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

ManipulationMode

Read/writeGets or sets the ManipulationModes value used for UIElement behavior and interaction with gestures. Setting this value enables handling the manipulation events from this element in app code. (Inherited from UIElement)

Margin

Read/writeGets or sets the outer margin of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MaxHeight

Read/writeGets or sets the maximum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MaxWidth

Read/writeGets or sets the maximum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MinHeight

Read/writeGets or sets the minimum height constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

MinWidth

Read/writeGets or sets the minimum width constraint of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Name

Read/writeGets or sets the identifying name of the object. When a XAML processor creates the object tree from XAML markup, run-time code can refer to the XAML-declared object by this name. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Opacity

Read/writeGets or sets the degree of the object's opacity. (Inherited from UIElement)

Padding

Read/writeGets or sets the padding inside a control. (Inherited from Control)

Parent

Read-onlyGets the parent object of this FrameworkElement in the object tree. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

PointerCaptures

Read-onlyGets the set of all captured pointers, represented as Pointer values. (Inherited from UIElement)

Projection

Read/writeGets or sets the perspective projection (3-D effect) to apply when rendering this element. (Inherited from UIElement)

RenderSize

Read-onlyGets the final render size of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

RenderTransform

Read/writeGets or sets transform information that affects the rendering position of a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

RenderTransformOrigin

Read/writeGets or sets the origin point of any possible render transform declared by RenderTransform, relative to the bounds of the UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

RequestedTheme

Read/writeGets or sets the UI theme that is used by the UIElement (and its child elements) for resource determination. The UI theme you specify with RequestedTheme can override the app-level RequestedTheme. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Resources

Read/writeGets the locally defined resource dictionary. In XAML, you can establish resource items as child object elements of a frameworkElement.Resources property element, through XAML implicit collection syntax. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

SelectedIndex

Read/writeGets or sets the index of the selected item. (Inherited from Selector)

SelectedItem

Read/writeGets or sets the selected item. (Inherited from Selector)

SelectedItems

Read-onlyGets the currently selected items. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

SelectedValue

Read/writeGets or sets the value of the selected item, obtained by using the SelectedValuePath. (Inherited from Selector)

SelectedValuePath

Read/writeGets or sets the property path that is used to get the SelectedValue property of the SelectedItem property. (Inherited from Selector)

SelectionMode

Read/writeGets or sets the selection behavior for a ListViewBase instance. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

SemanticZoomOwner

Read/writeGets or sets the SemanticZoom instance that hosts the ListViewBase. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

ShowsScrollingPlaceholders

Read/writeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the view shows placeholder UI for items during scrolling. (Inherited from ListViewBase)

Style

Read/writeGets or sets an instance Style that is applied for this object during layout and rendering. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

TabIndex

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines the order in which elements receive focus when the user navigates through controls by pressing the Tab key. (Inherited from Control)

TabNavigation

Read/writeGets or sets a value that modifies how tabbing and TabIndex work for this control. (Inherited from Control)

Tag

Read/writeGets or sets an arbitrary object value that can be used to store custom information about this object. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

Template

Read/writeGets or sets a control template. The control template defines the visual appearance of a control in UI, and is defined in XAML markup. (Inherited from Control)

Transitions

Read/writeGets or sets the collection of Transition style elements that apply to a UIElement. (Inherited from UIElement)

Triggers

Read-onlyGets the collection of triggers for animations that are defined for a FrameworkElement. Not commonly used. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

UseLayoutRounding

Read/writeGets or sets a value that determines whether rendering for the object and its visual subtree should use rounding behavior that aligns rendering to whole pixels. (Inherited from UIElement)

VerticalAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets the vertical alignment characteristics that are applied to a FrameworkElement when it is composed in a parent object such as a panel or items control. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

VerticalContentAlignment

Read/writeGets or sets the vertical alignment of the control's content. (Inherited from Control)

Visibility

Read/writeGets or sets the visibility of a UIElement. A UIElement that is not visible is not rendered and does not communicate its desired size to layout. (Inherited from UIElement)

Width

Read/writeGets or sets the width of a FrameworkElement. (Inherited from FrameworkElement)

 

Remarks

Use a GridView to display a collection of data that scrolls horizontally. To display a collection that scrolls vertically, use a ListView.

Grid view control

GridView is an ItemsControl, so it can contain a collection of items of any type. To populate the view, add items to the Items collection, or set the ItemsSource property to a data source.

By default, a data item is displayed in the GridView as the string representation of the data object it's bound to. To specify exactly how items in the GridView are displayed, you create a DataTemplate to define the layout of controls used to display an individual item. The controls in the layout can be bound to properties of a data object, or have content defined inline. You assign the DataTemplate to the ItemTemplate property of the GridView. For common templates you can use in your app, see Item templates for grid layouts.

Note  If you populate the GridView by setting the ItemsSource property, the ItemTemplate is applied to every item. If you populate the Items collection directly, the ItemTemplate is applied only if the item is not a GridViewItem. See Examples for more info.

If you use the GridView to display large sets of data, see these topics for tips to maintain a smooth and responsive user experience:

By default, a user can select a single item in a GridView. You can set the SelectionMode property to a ListViewSelectionMode enumeration value to allow multi-selection or to disable selection. You can also change the GridView interaction mode to make items respond to a user click like a button instead of being selected.

This table shows the ways a user can interact with a GridView, and how you can respond to the interaction.

To enable this interaction:Use these settings:Handle this event:Use this property to get the selected item:
No interaction SelectionMode = None, IsItemClickEnabled = FalseN/AN/A
Single selection SelectionMode = Single, IsItemClickEnabled = False SelectionChanged SelectedItem, SelectedIndex
Contiguous multi-selection SelectionMode = Multiple, IsItemClickEnabled = False SelectionChanged SelectedItems
Non-contiguous multi-selection SelectionMode = Extended, IsItemClickEnabled = False SelectionChanged SelectedItems
Click SelectionMode = None, IsItemClickEnabled = True ItemClick N/A

 

Caution  The PointerWheelChanged event does not bubble up from a GridView. This means that a control that has a GridView inside of it does not receive mouse wheel change messages if the pointer is over the GridView. For example, if you put a GridView inside of a ScrollViewer, you can't scroll the ScrollViewer with the mouse wheel when the pointer is over the GridView.

Note  When you set the Padding property on a GridView control, the value for right padding is ignored; only the values for left, top, and bottom padding are applied.

GridView supports data virtualization to improve performance with large data sets. Random access virtualization is supported when the data source implements the appropriate interfaces, which vary depending on the programming language:

Incremental loading virtualization is supported when the data source implements the ISupportIncrementalLoading interface. When incremental loading is supported, you can use these members to control data loading: DataFetchSize, IncrementalLoadingThreshold, IncrementalLoadingTrigger, LoadMoreItemsAsync.

Windows 8:  In Windows 8, when the data item in a selected GridViewItem is replaced, the SelectedIndex value is not cleared. In Windows 8.1, the SelectedIndex value is cleared.

GridView implements the ISemanticZoomInformation interface, so it can be used as a view in a SemanticZoom control. When it's used in a SemanticZoom control, always set the ScrollViewer.IsHorizontalScrollChainingEnabled attached property to false on the ScrollViewer that's in the GridView's control template, like this: <GridView ScrollViewer.IsHorizontalScrollChainingEnabled="False">. These members have an effect only when the GridView is hosted in a SemanticZoom control: IsActiveView, IsZoomedInView, SemanticZoomOwner, CompleteViewChange, CompleteViewChangeFrom, CompleteViewChangeTo, InitializeViewChange, MakeVisible, StartViewChangeFrom, StartViewChangeTo.

The default template for GridView includes existing transition animations. Specifically, the default ItemContainerTransitions value already contains values for AddDeleteThemeTransition, ContentThemeTransition, ReorderThemeTransition and EntranceThemeTransition (with IsStaggeringEnabled="False"). If you are setting a new value for ItemContainerTransitions on GridView, consider reproducing these same theme animations as a starting point. If you are setting the property yourself, those defaults get overwritten unless you include them again in your definition.

For more info, see these topics:

For more code examples that show the GridView control, see these samples:

Selection behavior and CollectionViewSource

List controls that derive from Selector have a default selection behavior that depends on what the items source is (the type that's used for ItemsSource). If the items source is a CollectionViewSource instance, then the behavior in the selection control is that the selection will default to the current item. When the list is first displayed, the selection defaults to the first item as current item. If you don't want the first item to be selected in this case, set IsSynchronizedWithCurrentItem to false in the GridView.

Examples

Here, a GridView is bound to a grouped CollectionViewSource named cvsProjects. The appearance of individual items in each group is defined by the ItemTemplate. The ItemsPanel specifies how the groups are arranged in the GridView. The GroupStyle.Panel specifies how individual items are arranged within each group. The GroupStyle.ContainerStyle is used to add a border around each group, and set its minimum size and margins. The HidesIfEmpty property is set to true to hide any empty groups.


<GridView ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource cvsProjects}}" 
  Margin="0,120,0,0" MaxHeight="500" Grid.Column="1">
    <GridView.ItemTemplate>
        <DataTemplate>
            <StackPanel Margin="20">
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding Name}" FontWeight="Bold" 
                           Style="{StaticResource BaseTextBlockStyle}"/>
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding DueDate}" TextWrapping="NoWrap" 
                           Style="{StaticResource BodyTextBlockStyle}" />
                <CheckBox Content="Complete" IsChecked="{Binding Complete}" 
                          IsEnabled="False"/>
            </StackPanel>
        </DataTemplate>
    </GridView.ItemTemplate>
    <GridView.ItemsPanel>
        <ItemsPanelTemplate>
            <ItemsWrapGrid MaximumRowsOrColumns="3"/>
        </ItemsPanelTemplate>
    </GridView.ItemsPanel>

    <GridView.GroupStyle>
        <GroupStyle HidesIfEmpty="True">
            <GroupStyle.HeaderTemplate>
                <DataTemplate>
                    <Grid Background="LightGray" Margin="0">
                        <TextBlock Text='{Binding Name}' 
                                   Foreground="Black" Margin="30"
                                   Style="{StaticResource HeaderTextBlockStyle}"/>
                    </Grid>
                </DataTemplate>
            </GroupStyle.HeaderTemplate>

        </GroupStyle>
    </GridView.GroupStyle>
</GridView>


In this GridView the ItemTemplate is applied to the first item (a string), but not to the second item (a GridViewItem). See Remarks for more info.


<GridView>
    <GridView.ItemTemplate>
        <DataTemplate>
            <Grid>
                <Border Background="LightGray" Height="200" Width="200">
                    <TextBlock Text="{Binding}" 
                               FontSize="48" Foreground="Green" />
                </Border>
            </Grid>
        </DataTemplate>
    </GridView.ItemTemplate>
    <GridView.Items>
        <x:String>One</x:String>
        <GridViewItem>Two</GridViewItem>
    </GridView.Items>
</GridView>

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 8 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported phone

Windows Phone 8.1 [Windows Runtime apps only]

Namespace

Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls
Windows::UI::Xaml::Controls [C++]

Metadata

Windows.winmd

See also

ListViewBase
ISemanticZoomInformation
GridView styles and templates
Quickstart: Adding ListView and GridView controls
Quickstart: Data binding to controls
Performance best practices for Windows Store apps using C++, C#, and Visual Basic
Related controls
ListView
SemanticZoom
Controls list
Controls by function

 

 

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