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LoginView Class

Displays the appropriate content template for a given user, based on the user's authentication status and role membership.

System.Object
  System.Web.UI.Control
    System.Web.UI.WebControls.LoginView

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[ThemeableAttribute(true)]
[BindableAttribute(false)]
public class LoginView : Control, INamingContainer
<asp:LoginView />

The LoginView type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodLoginViewInitializes a new instance of the LoginView control.
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  NameDescription
Protected propertyAdapterGets the browser-specific adapter for the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAnonymousTemplateGets or sets the template to display to users who are not logged in to the Web site.
Public propertyAppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectoryGets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyBindingContainerInfrastructure. Gets the control that contains this control's data binding. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyChildControlsCreatedGets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDGets the control ID for HTML markup that is generated by ASP.NET. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDModeGets or sets the algorithm that is used to generate the value of the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyClientIDSeparatorGets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyContextGets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyControlsGets the ControlCollection object that contains the child controls for the LoginView control. (Overrides Control.Controls.)
Public propertyDataItemContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDataKeysContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyDesignModeGets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyEnableThemingGets or sets a value indicating whether themes can be applied to the LoginView control. (Overrides Control.EnableTheming.)
Public propertyEnableViewStateGets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyEventsGets a list of event handler delegates for the control. This property is read-only. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyHasChildViewStateGets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyIDGets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIdSeparatorInfrastructure. Gets the character used to separate control identifiers. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsChildControlStateClearedGets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsTrackingViewStateGets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsViewStateEnabledGets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyLoadViewStateByIDGets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyLoggedInTemplateGets or sets the template to display to Web site users who are logged in to the Web site but are not members of one of the role groups specified in the RoleGroups property.
Public propertyNamingContainerGets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same Control.ID property value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyPageGets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyParentGets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyRenderingCompatibilityGets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyRoleGroupsGets a collection of role groups that associate content templates with particular roles.
Public propertySiteGets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertySkinIDGets or sets the skin to apply to the LoginView control. (Overrides Control.SkinID.)
Public propertyTemplateControlGets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyTemplateSourceDirectoryGets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyUniqueIDGets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyValidateRequestModeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateGets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateIgnoresCaseGets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyViewStateModeGets or sets the view-state mode of this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyVisibleGets or sets a value that indicates whether a server control is rendered as UI on the page. (Inherited from Control.)
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  NameDescription
Protected methodAddedControlCalled after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodAddParsedSubObjectNotifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodApplyStyleSheetSkinApplies the style properties defined in the page style sheet to the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBeginRenderTracingBegins design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBuildProfileTreeInfrastructure. Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearCachedClientIDInfrastructure. Sets the cached ClientID value to null. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildControlStateDeletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildStateDeletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildViewStateDeletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearEffectiveClientIDModeInfrastructure. Sets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodCreateChildControlsCreates the child controls that make up the LoginView control. (Overrides Control.CreateChildControls().)
Protected methodCreateControlCollectionCreates a new ControlCollection object to hold the child controls (both literal and server) of the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodDataBind()Binds a data source to LoginView and all its child controls. (Overrides Control.DataBind().)
Protected methodDataBind(Boolean)Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodDataBindChildrenBinds a data source to the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodDisposeEnables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEndRenderTracingEnds design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureChildControlsDetermines whether the server control contains child controls. If it does not, it creates child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureIDCreates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindControl(String)Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodFindControl(String, Int32)Infrastructure. Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. You should not override this version of the FindControl method. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodFocusSets input focus to a control. (Overrides Control.Focus().)
Protected methodGetDesignModeStateInfrastructure. Gets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetUniqueIDRelativeToReturns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodHasControlsDetermines if the server control contains any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodHasEventsReturns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodIsLiteralContentInfrastructure. Determines if the server control holds only literal content. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodLoadControlStateThis method implements LoadControlState. (Overrides Control.LoadControlState(Object).)
Protected methodLoadViewStateRestores view-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveViewState method. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodMapPathSecureRetrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodOnBubbleEventDetermines whether the event for the server control is passed up the page's UI server control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnDataBindingRaises the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnInitRaises the Init event. (Overrides Control.OnInit(EventArgs).)
Protected methodOnLoadRaises the Load event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnPreRenderDetermines which role-group template to display, based on the roles of the logged-in user. (Overrides Control.OnPreRender(EventArgs).)
Protected methodOnUnloadRaises the Unload event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnViewChangedRaises the ViewChanged event after the LoginView control switches views.
Protected methodOnViewChangingRaises the ViewChanging event before the LoginView control switches views.
Protected methodOpenFileGets a Stream used to read a file. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRaiseBubbleEventAssigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRemovedControlCalled after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderInfrastructure. Renders the Web server control content to the client's browser using the specified System.Web.UI.HtmlTextWriter object. (Overrides Control.Render(HtmlTextWriter).)
Protected methodRenderChildrenOutputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodResolveAdapterGets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveClientUrlGets a URL that can be used by the browser. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveUrlConverts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveControlStateThis method implements SaveControlState. (Overrides Control.SaveControlState().)
Protected methodSaveViewStateSaves any server control view-state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSetDesignModeStateSets design-time data for a control. (Overrides Control.SetDesignModeState(IDictionary).)
Public methodSetRenderMethodDelegateInfrastructure. Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodTrackViewStateCauses tracking of view-state changes to the server control so they can be stored in the server control's StateBag object. This object is accessible through the Control.ViewState property. (Inherited from Control.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventDataBindingOccurs when the server control binds to a data source. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventDisposedOccurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventInitOccurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventLoadOccurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventPreRenderOccurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventUnloadOccurs when the server control is unloaded from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventViewChangedOccurs after the view is changed.
Public eventViewChangingOccurs before the view is changed.
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  NameDescription
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, Object)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindDataSourceControlReturns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindFieldTemplateReturns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindMetaTableReturns the metatable object for the containing data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetDefaultValuesGets the collection of the default values for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetMetaTableGets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, Object)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodTryGetMetaTableDetermines whether table metadata is available. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilderFor a description of this member, see IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControlInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlDesignerAccessor.UserDataFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.ExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObjectFor a description of this member, see IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject. (Inherited from Control.)
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In this topic:

Introduction

The LoginView control displays different Web site content templates (or "views") for different users, based on whether the user is authenticated and, if so, which Web site roles he or she belongs to.

NoteNote

If you are not familiar with the set of login controls available in ASP.NET, see ASP.NET Login Controls Overview before continuing. For a list of other topics related to login controls and membership, see Managing Users by Using Membership.

The template stored in the AnonymousTemplate property is displayed to any visitor to the Web site who has not logged in. Once a user is logged in, the site displays either a template associated with one of the user's roles in the RoleGroups property or the default template specified in the LoggedInTemplate property.

The LoginView control manages switching among the various templates once you assign templates to any of the three template properties of the LoginView class:

  • AnonymousTemplate - Specifies the template to display to users who are not logged in to the Web site. Users who are logged in will never see this template.

  • LoggedInTemplate - Specifies the default template to display to users who are logged in to the Web site but do not belong to any role groups with defined templates.

  • RoleGroups - Specifies the template to display to logged-in users who are members of roles with defined role-group templates. Content templates are associated with particular sets of roles in RoleGroup instances.

Role-group templates are searched in the order they are defined in the source. The first matching role-group template is displayed to the user. If a user is a member of more than one role, the first role-group template that matches any of the user's roles is used. If more than one template is associated with a single role, only the first defined template is used.

The following table describes the behavior of the LoginView control when various combinations of templates are used.

LoggedIn Template Property

Anonymous Template Property

RoleGroups Property

LoginView behavior

Not set

Not set

Not set

Displays no content.

Set

Not set

Not set

Displays content only when the user is logged in.

Not set

Set

Not set

Displays content only when the user is not logged in.

Not set

Not set

Set

Displays the first template in the RoleGroups collection that matches one of the user's roles. If no match is found, displays no content.

Set

Set

Not set

If the user is logged in, displays the template specified in the LoggedInTemplate property. If the user in not logged in, displays the template specified in the AnonymousTemplate property.

Set

Set

Set

If the user is logged in, displays the first template in the RoleGroups collection that matches one of the user's roles. If no match is found, displays the template specified in the LoggedInTemplate property. If the user is not logged in, displays the template specified in the AnonymousTemplate property.

Set

Not set

Set

If the user is logged in, displays the first template in the RoleGroups collection that matches one of the user's roles. If no match is found, displays the template specified in the LoggedInTemplate property. If the user is not logged in, nothing is displayed.

Not set

Set

Set

If the user is logged in, displays the first template in the RoleGroups collection that matches one of the user's roles. If no match is found, nothing is displayed. If the user is not logged in, displays the template specified in the AnonymousTemplate property.

The AnonymousTemplate and LoggedInTemplate can be used with any authentication scheme that sets the Name property of the Page object's User property. You must configure role management to use the RoleGroups property to define templates base on the user's role on the Web site. For more information, see Understanding Role Management.

The Focus method does not set the initial focus of the Web page to the LoginView control, or any of its child controls. Controls contained in the LoginView control are created after the PreRender event. To set the focus to a child control contained by the LoginView, handle the On_PreRender and call its Focus method. You can also use the ViewChanging and ViewChanged events to programmatically access the controls in the LoginView control templates.

Declarative Syntax

<asp:LoginView
    EnableTheming="True|False"
    EnableViewState="True|False"
    ID="string"
    OnDataBinding="DataBinding event handler"
    OnDisposed="Disposed event handler"
    OnInit="Init event handler"
    OnLoad="Load event handler"
    OnPreRender="PreRender event handler"
    OnUnload="Unload event handler"
    OnViewChanged="ViewChanged event handler"
    OnViewChanging="ViewChanging event handler"
    runat="server"
    SkinID="string"
    Visible="True|False"
>
        <AnonymousTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </AnonymousTemplate>
        <LoggedInTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </LoggedInTemplate>
        <RoleGroups>
                <asp:RoleGroup
                    Roles="string"
                >
                        <ContentTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </ContentTemplate>
                </asp:RoleGroup>
        </RoleGroups>
</asp:LoginView>

The following code example shows how to set templates for each of the three template types supported by the LoginView control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">
            <p>
                <asp:LoginStatus id="LoginStatus1" runat="server"></asp:LoginStatus></p>
            <p>
                <asp:LoginView id="LoginView1" runat="server">
                    <AnonymousTemplate>
                        Please log in for personalized information.
                    </AnonymousTemplate>
                    <LoggedInTemplate>
                        Thanks for logging in 
                        <asp:LoginName id="LoginName1" runat="Server"></asp:LoginName>.
                    </LoggedInTemplate>
                    <RoleGroups>
                        <asp:RoleGroup Roles="Admin">
                            <ContentTemplate>
                                <asp:LoginName id="LoginName2" runat="Server"></asp:LoginName>, you
                                are logged in as an administrator.
                            </ContentTemplate>
                        </asp:RoleGroup>
                    </RoleGroups>
                </asp:LoginView></p>
        </form>
    </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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