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ListView.ItemUpdating Event

Occurs when an update operation is requested, but before the ListView control updates the item.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web.Extensions (in System.Web.Extensions.dll)

public event EventHandler<ListViewUpdateEventArgs> ItemUpdating
<asp:ListView OnItemUpdating="EventHandler" />

The ItemUpdating event is raised when an item's Update button is clicked or the UpdateItem method is called, but before the ListView control updates the item. (An Update button is a button control whose CommandName property is set to "Update".) This enables you to perform a custom routine whenever this event occurs, such as canceling the update operation.

A ListViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which enables you to determine the index of the current item. It also lets you indicate that the update operation should be canceled. To cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property of the ListViewUpdateEventArgs object to true.

You can work with the Keys, OldValues, and NewValues collections before the values are passed to the data source. A typical way to use these collections is to HTML-encode the values supplied by the user before they are stored in the data source. This helps prevent script injection attacks.

For more information about how to handle events, see Consuming Events.

The following example shows how to add an event handler for the ItemUpdating event.

Security noteSecurity Note

This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  void Page_Load()
  {
    Message.Text = String.Empty;
  }

  void ContactsListView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, ListViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the update operation if any of the fields is empty
    // or null.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry de in e.NewValues)
    {
      // Check if the value is null or empty.
      if (de.Value == null || de.Value.ToString().Trim().Length == 0)
      {
        Message.Text = "Cannot set a field to an empty value.";
        e.Cancel = true;
      }
    }

    // Convert the e-mail address to lowercase.
    String emailValue = e.NewValues["EmailAddress"].ToString();
    e.NewValues["EmailAddress"] = emailValue.ToLower();

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView.ItemUpdating Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>ListView.ItemUpdating Example</h3>

      <asp:Label ID="Message"
        ForeColor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
      <br/>

      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="ContactID"
        OnItemUpdating="ContactsListView_ItemUpdating"  
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" border="1" runat="server" id="tblContacts" width="640px">
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:LinkButton ID="EditButton" runat="server" CommandName="Edit" Text="Edit" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <EditItemTemplate>
          <tr style="background-color:#ADD8E6">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="FirstNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="FirstNameTextBox" Text="First Name"/>
              <asp:TextBox ID="FirstNameTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("FirstName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="LastNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="LastNameTextBox" Text="Last Name" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="LastNameTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("LastName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="EmailLabel"
                AssociatedControlID="EmailTextBox" Text="E-mail" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="EmailTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("EmailAddress") %>' MaxLength="50" />
            </td>
            <td colspan="2" valign="top">
              <asp:LinkButton ID="UpdateButton" runat="server" CommandName="Update" Text="Update" />
              <asp:LinkButton ID="CancelButton" runat="server" CommandName="Cancel" Text="Cancel" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </EditItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact"
        UpdateCommand="UPDATE Person.Contact
          Set [FirstName] = @FirstName, [LastName] = @LastName, [EmailAddress] = @EmailAddress 
          WHERE [ContactID] = @ContactID">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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