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GridView.SelectedIndexChanged Event

Occurs when a row's Select button is clicked, but after the GridView control handles the select operation.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

'Declaration
Public Event SelectedIndexChanged As EventHandler
<asp:GridView OnSelectedIndexChanged="EventHandler" />

The SelectedIndexChanged event is raised when a row's Select button is clicked, but after the GridView control handles the select operation. This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as updating a status label with the currently selected row, whenever this event occurs.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

TopicLocation
Walkthrough: Creating a Web Page to Display XML DataBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications in Visual Studio
Walkthrough: Displaying an XML Document in a Web Forms Page Using TransformationsBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications in Visual Studio

The following example demonstrates how to use the SelectedIndexChanged event to display the name of the customer in the selected row of the GridView control.


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)

    ' Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
    Dim row As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.SelectedRow

    ' Display the first name from the selected row.
    ' In this example, the third column (index 2) contains
    ' the first name.
    MessageLabel.Text = "You selected " & row.Cells(2).Text & "."
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewSelectEventArgs)

    ' Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
    ' occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
    ' SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
    ' and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
    ' event handler.
    Dim row As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.Rows(e.NewSelectedIndex)

    ' You can cancel the select operation by using the Cancel
    ' property. For this example, if the user selects a customer with 
    ' the ID "ANATR", the select operation is canceled and an error message
    ' is displayed.
    If row.Cells(1).Text = "ANATR" Then
        e.Cancel = True
        MessageLabel.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells(2).Text & "."
    End If

  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Select Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

     <h3>GridView Select Example</h3>

     <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
       datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
       autogeneratecolumns="False"
       autogenerateselectbutton="True"
       selectedindex="1"
       onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"
       onselectedindexchanging="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging"   
       runat="server" DataKeyNames="CustomerID">

         <Columns>
             <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" 
                 HeaderText="CustomerID" 
                 InsertVisible="False" ReadOnly="True" 
                 SortExpression="CustomerID" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                 HeaderText="FirstName" 
                 SortExpression="FirstName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="MiddleName" 
                 HeaderText="MiddleName" 
                 SortExpression="MiddleName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" 
                 HeaderText="LastName" 
                 SortExpression="LastName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="Phone" 
                 HeaderText="Phone" 
                 SortExpression="Phone" />
         </Columns>

       <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
         forecolor="DarkBlue"
         font-bold="true"/>  

     </asp:gridview>

      <br/>

      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="SELECT CustomerID, FirstName, MiddleName, LastName, Phone FROM SalesLT.Customer"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>

  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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