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DataList.ItemCommand Event

Occurs when any button is clicked in the DataList control.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public event DataListCommandEventHandler ItemCommand
/** @event */
public void add_ItemCommand (DataListCommandEventHandler value)

/** @event */
public void remove_ItemCommand (DataListCommandEventHandler value)

JScript supports the use of events, but not the declaration of new ones.

The ItemCommand event is raised when any button is clicked in the DataList control and is commonly used when you have a button control with a custom CommandName value.

For more information about handling events, seeHow to: Consume Events in a Web Forms Application.

The following code example demonstrates how to specify and code a handler for the ItemCommand event to select an item from the DataList control.

NoteNote

The following code sample uses the single-file code model and may not work correctly if copied directly into a code-behind file. This code sample must be copied into an empty text file that has an .aspx extension. For more information on the Web Forms code model, see ASP.NET Web Page Code Model.


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<html>
<head>

   <script runat="server">

      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = i * 2;
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Item_Command(Object sender, DataListCommandEventArgs e) 
      {
        
         // Set the SelectedIndex property to select an item in the DataList.
         ItemsList.SelectedIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex;

         // Rebind the data source to the DataList to refresh the control.
         ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
         ItemsList.DataBind();

      }

   </script>

</head>
<body>

   <form runat="server">

      <h3>DataList Select Example</h3>

      Click <b>Select</b> to select an item.

      <br><br>
       
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           GridLines="Both"
           CellPadding="3"
           CellSpacing="0"           
           OnItemCommand="Item_Command"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <SelectedItemStyle BackColor="Yellow">
         </SelectedItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            Items

         </HeaderTemplate>
         
         <ItemTemplate>

            <asp:LinkButton id="SelectButton" 
                 Text="Select" 
                 CommandName="Select"
                 runat="server"/>

            Item <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Item") %>

         </ItemTemplate>
              
         <SelectedItemTemplate>

            Item:
            <asp:Label id="ItemLabel" 
                 Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Item") %>' 
                 runat="server"/>

            <br>

            Quantity:
            <asp:Label id="QtyLabel" 
                 Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Qty") %>' 
                 runat="server"/>

            <br>

            Price:
            <asp:Label id="PriceLabel" 
                 Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Price", "{0:c}") %>' 
                 runat="server"/>

         </SelectedItemTemplate>

      </asp:DataList>

   </form>

</body>
</html>



<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<html>
<head>

   <script runat="server">

      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = i * 2;
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

         // Manually register the event-handling method for the 
         // ItemCommand event.
         ItemsList.ItemCommand += 
             new DataListCommandEventHandler(this.Item_Command);

      }

      void Item_Command(Object sender, DataListCommandEventArgs e) 
      {
        
         // Set the SelectedIndex property to select an item in the DataList.
         ItemsList.SelectedIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex;

         // Rebind the data source to the DataList to refresh the control.
         ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
         ItemsList.DataBind();

      }

   </script>

</head>
<body>

   <form runat="server">

      <h3>DataList Select Example</h3>

      Click <b>Select</b> to select an item.

      <br><br>
       
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           GridLines="Both"
           CellPadding="3"
           CellSpacing="0"           
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <SelectedItemStyle BackColor="Yellow">
         </SelectedItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            Items

         </HeaderTemplate>
         
         <ItemTemplate>

            <asp:LinkButton id="SelectButton" 
                 Text="Select" 
                 CommandName="Select"
                 runat="server"/>

            Item <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Item") %>

         </ItemTemplate>
              
         <SelectedItemTemplate>

            Item:
            <asp:Label id="ItemLabel" 
                 Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Item") %>' 
                 runat="server"/>

            <br>

            Quantity:
            <asp:Label id="QtyLabel" 
                 Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Qty") %>' 
                 runat="server"/>

            <br>

            Price:
            <asp:Label id="PriceLabel" 
                 Text='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "Price", "{0:c}") %>' 
                 runat="server"/>

         </SelectedItemTemplate>

      </asp:DataList>

   </form>

</body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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