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LoggerException Class

Allows a logger to force the build to stop in an explicit way.

System.Object
  System.Exception
    Microsoft.Build.Framework.LoggerException

Namespace:  Microsoft.Build.Framework
Assembly:  Microsoft.Build.Framework (in Microsoft.Build.Framework.dll)

[SerializableAttribute]
public class LoggerException : Exception

The LoggerException type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodLoggerException()Initializes a new instance of the LoggerException class.
Public methodLoggerException(String)Initializes a new instance of the LoggerException class with the specified values.
Protected methodLoggerException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)Initializes a new instance of the LoggerException class with the values specified.
Public methodLoggerException(String, Exception)Initializes a new instance of the LoggerException class with the values specified.
Public methodLoggerException(String, Exception, String, String)Initializes a new instance of the LoggerException class with the values specified.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyDataGets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyErrorCodeGets the error code associated with this exception's message.
Public propertyHelpKeywordGets the F1-help keyword associated with this error.
Public propertyHelpLinkGets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyHResultGets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyInnerExceptionGets the Exception instance that caused the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyMessageGets a message that describes the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySourceGets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyStackTraceGets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyTargetSiteGets the method that throws the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetBaseExceptionWhen overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetObjectDataSets the SerializationInfo with information about the exception. (Overrides Exception.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext).)
Public methodGetTypeGets the runtime type of the current instance. (Inherited from Exception.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringCreates and returns a string representation of the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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  NameDescription
Protected eventSerializeObjectStateOccurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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This exception can be used by a logger to indicate to a host that it has received invalid parameters, or can no longer continue logging for some reason, and wants to stop in a controlled way.

The following example shows how to write a basic logger that responds to build events.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security;
using Microsoft.Build.Framework;
using Microsoft.Build.Utilities;

namespace MyLoggers
{
	// This logger will derive from the Microsoft.Build.Utilities.Logger class, 
	// which provides it with getters and setters for Verbosity and Parameters, 
	// and a default empty Shutdown() implementation. 
	public class BasicFileLogger : Logger
	{
		/// <summary> 
		/// Initialize is guaranteed to be called by MSBuild at the start of the build 
		/// before any events are raised. 
		/// </summary> 
		public override void Initialize(IEventSource eventSource)
		{
			// The name of the log file should be passed as the first item in the 
			// "parameters" specification in the /logger switch.  It is required
			// to pass a log file to this logger. Other loggers may have zero or more than  
			// one parameters. 
			if (null == Parameters)
			{
				throw new LoggerException("Log file was not set.");
			}
			string[] parameters = Parameters.Split(';');
			
			string logFile = parameters[0];
			if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(logFile))
			{
				throw new LoggerException("Log file was not set.");
			}
			
			if (parameters.Length > 1)
			{
				throw new LoggerException("Too many parameters passed.");
			}
			
			try
			{
				// Open the file 
				this.streamWriter = new StreamWriter(logFile);
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				if
				(
					ex is UnauthorizedAccessException
					|| ex is ArgumentNullException
					|| ex is PathTooLongException
					|| ex is DirectoryNotFoundException
					|| ex is NotSupportedException
					|| ex is ArgumentException
					|| ex is SecurityException
					|| ex is IOException
				)
				{
					throw new LoggerException("Failed to create log file: " + ex.Message);
				}
				else
				{
					// Unexpected failure 
					throw;
				}
			}

			// For brevity, we'll only register for certain event types. Loggers can also 
			// register to handle TargetStarted/Finished and other events.
			eventSource.ProjectStarted += new ProjectStartedEventHandler(eventSource_ProjectStarted);
			eventSource.TaskStarted += new TaskStartedEventHandler(eventSource_TaskStarted);
			eventSource.MessageRaised += new BuildMessageEventHandler(eventSource_MessageRaised);
			eventSource.WarningRaised += new BuildWarningEventHandler(eventSource_WarningRaised);
			eventSource.ErrorRaised += new BuildErrorEventHandler(eventSource_ErrorRaised);
			eventSource.ProjectFinished += new ProjectFinishedEventHandler(eventSource_ProjectFinished);
		}

		void eventSource_ErrorRaised(object sender, BuildErrorEventArgs e)
		{
			// BuildErrorEventArgs adds LineNumber, ColumnNumber, File, amongst other parameters 
			string line = String.Format(": ERROR {0}({1},{2}): ", e.File, e.LineNumber, e.ColumnNumber);
			WriteLineWithSenderAndMessage(line, e);
		}
		
		void eventSource_WarningRaised(object sender, BuildWarningEventArgs e)
		{
			// BuildWarningEventArgs adds LineNumber, ColumnNumber, File, amongst other parameters 
			string line = String.Format(": Warning {0}({1},{2}): ", e.File, e.LineNumber, e.ColumnNumber);
			WriteLineWithSenderAndMessage(line, e);
		}

		void eventSource_MessageRaised(object sender, BuildMessageEventArgs e)
		{
			// BuildMessageEventArgs adds Importance to BuildEventArgs 
			// Let's take account of the verbosity setting we've been passed in deciding whether to log the message 
			if ((e.Importance == MessageImportance.High && IsVerbosityAtLeast(LoggerVerbosity.Minimal))
				|| (e.Importance == MessageImportance.Normal && IsVerbosityAtLeast(LoggerVerbosity.Normal))
				|| (e.Importance == MessageImportance.Low && IsVerbosityAtLeast(LoggerVerbosity.Detailed))				
				)
			{
				WriteLineWithSenderAndMessage(String.Empty, e);
			}
		}

		void eventSource_TaskStarted(object sender, TaskStartedEventArgs e)
		{
			// TaskStartedEventArgs adds ProjectFile, TaskFile, TaskName 
			// To keep this log clean, this logger will ignore these events.
		}
		
		void eventSource_ProjectStarted(object sender, ProjectStartedEventArgs e)
		{
			// ProjectStartedEventArgs adds ProjectFile, TargetNames 
			// Just the regular message string is good enough here, so just display that.
			WriteLine(String.Empty, e);
			indent++;
		}

		void eventSource_ProjectFinished(object sender, ProjectFinishedEventArgs e)
		{
			// The regular message string is good enough here too.
			indent--;
			WriteLine(String.Empty, e);
		}
		
		/// <summary> 
		/// Write a line to the log, adding the SenderName and Message 
		/// (these parameters are on all MSBuild event argument objects) 
		/// </summary> 
		private void WriteLineWithSenderAndMessage(string line, BuildEventArgs e)
		{
			if (0 == String.Compare(e.SenderName, "MSBuild", true /*ignore case*/))
			{
				// Well, if the sender name is MSBuild, let's leave it out for prettiness
				WriteLine(line, e);
			}
			else
			{
				WriteLine(e.SenderName + ": " + line, e);
			}
		}
		
		/// <summary> 
		/// Just write a line to the log 
		/// </summary> 
		private void WriteLine(string line, BuildEventArgs e)
		{
			for (int i = indent; i > 0; i--)
			{
				streamWriter.Write("\t");
			}
			streamWriter.WriteLine(line + e.Message);
		}
		
		/// <summary> 
		/// Shutdown() is guaranteed to be called by MSBuild at the end of the build, after all  
		/// events have been raised. 
		/// </summary> 
		public override void Shutdown()
		{
			// Done logging, let go of the file
			streamWriter.Close();
		}

		private StreamWriter streamWriter;
		private int indent;
	}
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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