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Create an add-in for the Persistent Chat window

Beyond the basics topic

Learn about designing a Lync 2013 Persistent Chat room add-in that displays messages that a Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API (UCMA) bot has posted to the hosting chat room and then filters the pending message posts of the local user.

A Persistent Chat room add-in is a Microsoft Silverlight browser application. It is hosted in the add-in pane of the Lync 2013 Persistent Chat room window. An add-in application uses the LyncClient.GetHostingRoom method to return an entry point to the room. The room entry point lets an add-in obtain room message history, post new messages, intercept local messages to be posted, and obtain the room roster for display.

The example in this topic obtains the hosting Microsoft.Lync.Model.Room.Room of the chat window. After getting the room, the add-in registers for room messaging events to catch messages posted to the room by other user in addition to filtering messages to be sent by the local user.

Figure 1 shows a simple chat room add-in that displays reformatted messages from a bot and filters and formats messages to be posted to the host chat room by the locally signed-in user. The add-in is hosted in the add-in pane of Lync 2013.

Figure 1. Simple chat room add-in

A simple chat room add-in

Your add-in must be registered on a Persistent Chat server and associated with a Persistent Chat room. The add-in is opened in the Persistent Chat room window when a user double-clicks a Persistent Chat room from the contact list. You can also register a Persistent Chat room by using a server-side tool such as the Group Chat Administration Tool. For information about registering and associating an add-in with a chat room using Microsoft Lync Server 2010 Group Chat SDK, see ChatRoomManagementServices.BeginRegisterAddIn Method.

Tip Tip

You should associate your new add-in with a private chat room so that you can test the add-in. When your add-in is ready for public use, associate it with a public chat room.

A private chat room is only visible to its members. This means that the private chat room cannot be found by using a chat room query.

Before you complete the steps in this topic, your application must have an instance of Microsoft.Lync.Model.Room.Room where the user has permission to read messages.

Code example

The following example references the namespaces that are used in the following Windows Forms examples.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Microsoft.Lync.Model;
using Microsoft.Lync.Model.Room;
using System.Collections;

Important noteImportant

Your add-in project must reference the Microsoft.Lync.Model.dll and Microsoft.Lync.Model.Utilities.dll from the %programfiles%\Microsoft Office \Office15\LyncSDK\Assemblies\Silverlight folder.

The following example declares the class fields that are referenced in the following sections of this topic.

        /// <summary>
        /// The hosting Persistent Chat room
        /// </summary>
        private readonly Room _room;

The hosting chat room is the entry point to all Lync functionality that you can code in an add-in. To get the room, call the LyncClient.GetHostingRoom method. The best place to get the hosting chat room is in the add-in constructor.

Code example

The following example gets the hosting room, enables outgoing message filtering, and registers for messaging events.

        /// <summary>
        /// Constructor of the add-in page
        /// </summary>
        public MainPage()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
 
            try
            {
                //Get the hosting chat room
                _room = (Room)LyncClient.GetHostingRoom();
                if (_room != null)
                {

                    //Tell Lync platform that outgoing messages are to filtered and formatted 
                    //If outgoing message filtering is not enabled then enable it
                    if (_room.IsOutgoingMessageFilterEnabled == false)
                    {
                        _room.EnableOutgoingMessageFilter();
                    }

                    //Register for message events 
                    _room.IsSendingMessage += new EventHandler<RoomMessageEventArgs>(_room_IsSendingMessage);
                    _room.MessagesReceived += new EventHandler<RoomMessagesEventArgs>(_room_MessagesReceived);
 
                }
            }
            catch (LyncClientException lyncClientException)
            {
                Debug.WriteLine(lyncClientException);
            }
        }

The content of the text boxes on the UI come from the Microsoft.Lync.Model.Room.RoomMessage objects obtained from the message events that the add-in registered for in the previous example. The bot message text comes from the messages obtained from the Room.MessagesReceived event while an outgoing message that is pending a filter action is obtained from the Room.IsSendingMessage event.

The add-in puts the original pending message post text in the Pending Message Text text box and the final message text that is posted in the Updated Message Text text box. In this sample add-in, the user is not asked to approve any message text changes. The updated message is immediately posted after it passes through the filter and formatting is applied to the text.

A message filtering mechanism in an add-in can take one of three possible actions on each message. These actions are described in the following table.

Action

Description

RoomMessageFilteringAction .Passed

The pending message is posted to the room without modification.

RoomMessageFilteringAction .Replaced

The pending message is posted to the room after a modification to the message text, which can include replacement of text or reformatting of the original text. If you want to spell-check a message before posting, you can use an add-in perform the check.

RoomMessageFilteringAction .Canceled

The message posting is canceled and the message is not posted to the chat room.

To cancel a pending message, an add-in parses pending message text for some condition and if met, calls the Room.SendFilteredMessage method. The RoomMessage to be canceled is in the first argument and the RoomMessageFilteringAction.Canceled enumerator is passed in the second argument.

Caution note Caution

If you call the Room.SendFilteredMessage method multiple times while passing the same Microsoft.Lync.Model.Room.RoomMessage object, a Microsoft.Lync.Model.LyncClientException is raised on the second and following calls.

Code example: Bot message parsing

The following example handles the Room.MessagesReceived event. Each message in the collection of new messages contains the message sender’s URI. If the URI string contains the unique part of a UCMA bot’s URI, the example treats the message as a bot message. In this example, a bot message might contain information about US currency. If the text of the message contains the United States currency symbol, the message must be parsed and displayed in the add-in UI.

        /// <summary>
        /// Handles event that is raised when other users send messages to the room. The method
        /// identifies any UCMA bot messages and then displays bot messages that contain
        /// a currency symbol for the US dollar.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        void _room_MessagesReceived(object sender, RoomMessagesEventArgs e)
        {
            //Iterate on all new messages posted to the hosting chat room
            foreach (RoomMessage roomMessage in e.Messages)
            {
                //If the sender of this message is a bot then get the message sent by the bot
                if (roomMessage.SenderUri.Contains("UCMABot"))
                {
                    //If this is a message about the US dollar then get the message plain text
                    if (roomMessage.MessageDictionary[RoomMessageFormat.PlainText].ToString().Contains("USD"))
                    {
                        //Parse the text of the message and display the resulting text in the add-in text box
                        string parsedMessage = ParseBOTmessage(roomMessage.MessageDictionary[RoomMessageFormat.PlainText].ToString());
 
                         //Invoke delegate on UI thread to update the BOT text box
                        Deployment.Current.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(delegate { UpdateBotMessageBox(parsedMessage); });
                    }
                }
            }
        }

The following example is a simple text parser that replaces a substring with a space character.

NoteNote

The bot message can be any string object such as an XML or JSON string.

        /// <summary>
        /// Parses a bot message and replaces square brackets with space characters. 
        /// The updated message is returned and displayed in the add-in UI
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="messageToParse"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private string ParseBOTmessage(string messageToParse)
        {
            messageToParse.Replace("[", " ");
            messageToParse.Replace("]", " ");
            return messageToParse;
        }

The following example updates the bot message text box on the UI thread.

        /// <summary>
        /// Updates the BOT message text box
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="NewMessage"></param>
        private void UpdateBotMessageBox(string NewMessage)
        {
            BotMessage_Textbox.Text += System.Environment.NewLine;
            BotMessage_Textbox.Text += NewMessage;
        }

Code example: Message filtering

The following example handles the Room.IsSendingMessage event. The event logic filters the message for an objectionable phrase. If the phrase is not found, the message is reformatted by replacing all uppercase letters with lowercase. Finally, the Room.SendFilteredMessage method is called with the action determined by the filter logic.


        /// <summary>
        /// Handles the event raised when the local user starts sending a message. the 
        /// method filters the message and if the message passes the filter, the message
        /// is reformatted and posted to the room.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        void _room_IsSendingMessage(object sender, RoomMessageEventArgs e)
        {
            RoomMessage roomMessage = e.Message;
            RoomMessageFilteringAction messageAction;
            string updatedMessage = string.Empty;
            //Filter message for an objectionable phrase.
            if (FilterMessage(e.Message.MessageDictionary[RoomMessageFormat.PlainText].ToString()))
            {
                //The message does not contain an objectionable phrase so it can be formatted and posted.
 
                //If the message formatting logic did not make any formatting changes to the original text then
                //post the message to the room as-is.
                updatedMessage = FormatMessage(e.Message.MessageDictionary[RoomMessageFormat.PlainText].ToString());
                //Invoke delgate on UI thread to update the BOT text box
                Deployment.Current.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(delegate { UpdatePostMessageBox(updatedMessage); });
 
                if (updatedMessage == e.Message.MessageDictionary[RoomMessageFormat.PlainText].ToString())
                {
                    messageAction = RoomMessageFilteringAction.Passed;
                }
                else
                {
                    //If the message text was changed by the formatting method, replace the original text with 
                    //the re-formatted text
                    messageAction = RoomMessageFilteringAction.Replaced;
                }
            }
            else
            {
                //The message contains an objectionable phrase. Cancel the post to the room.
                messageAction = RoomMessageFilteringAction.Canceled;
            }
 
            //If there is a room to post to and a message to post then post the message with the
            //appropriate action.
            if (_room != null && roomMessage != null)
            {
                //If not cancelling the message then replace the possibly unchanged text.
                if (messageAction != RoomMessageFilteringAction.Canceled)
                {
                    roomMessage.MessageDictionary[RoomMessageFormat.PlainText] = updatedMessage;
                }
                //Complete the posting with the actions of canceled, replaced, or posted.
                _room.SendFilteredMessage(roomMessage, messageAction);
            }
        }

The following example redraws the updated message text box in the UI with the updated text to be posted.

        /// <summary>
        /// Replaces text in the updated message text box on the UI
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="UpdatedMessage"></param>
        private void UpdatePostMessageBox(string UpdatedMessage)
        {
            UpdatedText_Textbox.Text = UpdatedMessage;
        }

The following example converts text of the message to all lowercase.

        /// <summary>
        /// Applies formatting to a message string before posting
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="MessageToFormat"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private string FormatMessage(string MessageToFormat)
        {
            return MessageToFormat.ToLower();
        }

The following example checks the pending message string for the substring "bla!". If the substring is found, the example returns false and the Room.IsSendingMessage event handler cancels the pending post.

        /// <summary>
        /// Message string filter. Looks for an instance of 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="MessageToFilter"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private Boolean FilterMessage(string MessageToFilter)
        {
            if (MessageToFilter.Contains("bla!"))
            {
                return false;
            }
            return true;
        }

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