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Double.TryParse Method (String, Double%)

Updated: May 2009

Converts the string representation of a number to its double-precision floating-point number equivalent. A return value indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static bool TryParse(
	string s,
	out double result
)

Parameters

s
Type: System.String

A string containing a number to convert.

result
Type: System.Double%

When this method returns, contains the double-precision floating-point number equivalent to the s parameter, if the conversion succeeded, or zero if the conversion failed. The conversion fails if the s parameter is null, is not a number in a valid format, or represents a number less than MinValue or greater than MaxValue. This parameter is passed uninitialized.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if s was converted successfully; otherwise, false.

This overload differs from the Double.Parse(String) method by returning a Boolean value that indicates whether the parse operation succeeded instead of returning the parsed numeric value. It eliminates the need to use exception handling to test for a FormatException in the event that s is invalid and cannot be successfully parsed.

Because of differences in precision, result may not be exactly equal to s, and for values of s that are less than Epsilon, result may also differ depending on processor architecture. For more information, see the Remarks section of Double.

The s parameter can contain the current culture's NumberFormatInfo.PositiveInfinitySymbol, NumberFormatInfo.NegativeInfinitySymbol, NumberFormatInfo.NaNSymbol (the string comparison is case-sensitive), or a string of the form:

[ws][sign][integral-digits,]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits][ws]

Elements in square brackets are optional. The following table describes each element.

Element

Description

ws

A series of white-space characters.

sign

A negative sign or positive sign symbol.

integral-digits

A series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9 that specify the integral part of the number. Integral-digits can be absent if there are fractional-digits.

,

A culture-specific group separator symbol.

.

A culture-specific decimal point symbol.

fractional-digits

A series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9 that specify the fractional part of the number.

E

An uppercase or lowercase character 'e', that indicates exponential (scientific) notation.

exponential-digits

A series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9 that specify an exponent.

For more information about numeric formats, see Formatting Overview.

The s parameter is interpreted using a combination of the NumberStyles.Float and NumberStyles.AllowThousands flags. This means that white space and thousands separators are allowed but currency symbols are not. To explicitly define the elements (such as currency symbols, thousands separators, and white space) that can be present in s, use the Double.TryParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, Double) method overload.

The s parameter is parsed using the formatting information in a NumberFormatInfo object that is initialized for the current system culture. For more information, see NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo. To parse a string using the formatting information of some other specified culture, use the Double.TryParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, Double) method overload.

Ordinarily, if you pass the Double.TryParse method a string that is created by calling the Double.ToString method, the original Double value is returned. However, because of a loss of precision, the values may not be equal. In addition, the parse operation fails and returns false if you attempt to parse the string representation of either MinValue or MaxValue, as the following example illustrates.

string value;
double number;

value = Double.MinValue.ToString();
if (Double.TryParse(value, out number))
   Console.WriteLine(number);
else
   Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of a Double.", 
                     value);

value = Double.MaxValue.ToString();
if (Double.TryParse(value, out number))
   Console.WriteLine(number);
else
   Console.WriteLine("{0} is outside the range of a Double.",
                     value);
// The example displays the following output: 
//    -1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the Double type. 
//    1.79769313486232E+308 is outside the range of the Double type.            

If a separator is encountered in the s parameter during a parse operation, and the decimal and group separators are the same, the parse operation assumes that the separator is a decimal separator rather than a group separator. For more information about separators, see CurrencyDecimalSeparator, NumberDecimalSeparator, CurrencyGroupSeparator, and NumberGroupSeparator.

The following example uses the TryParse(String, Double) method to convert the string representations of numeric values to Double values. It assumes that en-US is the current culture.

string value;
double number;

// Parse a floating-point value with a thousands separator.
value = "1,643.57";
if (Double.TryParse(value, out number))
   Console.WriteLine(number);
else
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to parse '{0}'.", value);      

// Parse a floating-point value with a currency symbol and a  
// thousands separator.
value = "$1,643.57";
if (Double.TryParse(value, out number))
   Console.WriteLine(number);
else
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to parse '{0}'.", value);   

// Parse value in exponential notation.
value = "-1.643e6";
if (Double.TryParse(value, out number))
   Console.WriteLine(number);
else
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to parse '{0}'.", value);   

// Parse a negative integer value.
value = "-168934617882109132";
if (Double.TryParse(value, out number))
   Console.WriteLine(number);
else
   Console.WriteLine("Unable to parse '{0}'.", value);   
// The example displays the following output to the console: 
//       1643.57 
//       Unable to parse '$1,643.57'. 
//       -1643000 
//       -1.68934617882109E+17

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Date

History

Reason

May 2009

Noted possible loss of precision and differences by processor architecture in the Remarks section.

Content bug fix.

March 2009

Expanded the Remarks section.

Content bug fix.

August 2008

Added a C# code example.

Customer feedback.

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