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SqlConnection Constructor

Initializes a new instance of the SqlConnection class.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public SqlConnection()

When a new instance of SqlConnection is created, the read/write properties are set to the following initial values unless they are specifically set using their associated keywords in the ConnectionString property.

Properties

Initial value

ConnectionString

empty string ("")

ConnectionTimeout

15

Database

empty string ("")

DataSource

empty string ("")

You can change the value for these properties only by using the ConnectionString property. The SqlConnectionStringBuilder class provides functionality for creating and managing the contents of connection strings.

The following example creates and opens a SqlConnection.

private static void OpenSqlConnection()
{
    string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();
        Console.WriteLine("ServerVersion: {0}", connection.ServerVersion);
        Console.WriteLine("State: {0}", connection.State);
    }
}

static private string GetConnectionString()
{
    // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,  
    // you can retrieve it from a configuration file, using the  
    // System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings property  
    return "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
        + "Integrated Security=SSPI;";
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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