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XmlTextWriter.WriteStartElement Method (String, String, String)

Writes the specified start tag and associates it with the given namespace and prefix.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public override void WriteStartElement(
	string prefix,
	string localName,
	string ns
)

Parameters

prefix
Type: System.String

The namespace prefix of the element.

localName
Type: System.String

The local name of the element.

ns
Type: System.String

The namespace URI to associate with the element. If this namespace is already in scope and has an associated prefix then the writer automatically writes that prefix also.

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The writer is closed.

NoteNote

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, we recommend that you create XmlWriter instances by using the XmlWriter.Create method and the XmlWriterSettings class to take advantage of new functionality.

After calling this method you can either write attributes or create content using WriteComment, WriteString, or WriteStartElement for child elements. You can close the element with WriteEndElement at which time an end tag is written out.

The following example writes out a book.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample
{
  private const string filename = "sampledata.xml";

  public static void Main()
  {

     XmlTextWriter writer = new XmlTextWriter (filename, null);
     //Use indenting for readability.
     writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;

     writer.WriteComment("sample XML fragment");

     //Write an element (this one is the root).
     writer.WriteStartElement("bookstore");

     //Write the namespace declaration.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns", "bk", null, "urn:samples");

     writer.WriteStartElement("book");

     //Lookup the prefix and then write the ISBN attribute. 
     string prefix = writer.LookupPrefix("urn:samples");
     writer.WriteStartAttribute(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples");
     writer.WriteString("1-861003-78");
     writer.WriteEndAttribute();     

     //Write the title.
     writer.WriteStartElement("title");
     writer.WriteString("The Handmaid's Tale");
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the price.
     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

     //Write the style element.
     writer.WriteStartElement(prefix, "style", "urn:samples");
     writer.WriteString("hardcover");
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the end tag for the book element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     //Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush();
     writer.Close();

     //Read the file back in and parse to ensure well formed XML.
     XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
     //Preserve white space for readability.
     doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
     //Load the file
     doc.Load(filename);

     //Write the XML content to the console.
     Console.Write(doc.InnerXml);  

  }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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