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ProviderBase Class

Provides a base implementation for the extensible provider model.

Namespace:  System.Configuration.Provider
Assembly:  System.Configuration (in System.Configuration.dll)
public abstract class ProviderBase

The ProviderBase type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Protected methodProviderBaseInitializes a new instance of the ProviderBase class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyDescriptionGets a brief, friendly description suitable for display in administrative tools or other user interfaces (UIs).
Public propertyNameGets the friendly name used to refer to the provider during configuration.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodInitializeInitializes the provider.
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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The provider model is intended to encapsulate all or part of the functionality of multiple ASP.NET features, such as membership, profiles, and protected configuration. It allows the developer to create supporting classes that provide multiple implementations of the encapsulated functionality. In addition, developers can write new features using the provider model. This can be an effective way to support multiple implementations of a feature's functionality without duplicating the feature code or recoding the application layer if the implementation method needs to be changed.

The ProviderBase class is simple, containing only a few basic methods and properties that are common to all providers. Feature-specific providers (such as MembershipProvider) inherit from ProviderBase and establish the necessary methods and properties that the implementation-specific providers for that feature must support. Implementation-specific providers (such as SqlMembershipProvider) inherit in turn from a feature-specific provider (in this case, MembershipProvider).

The most important aspect of the provider model is that the implementation (for example, whether data is persisted as a text file or in a database) is abstracted from the application code. The type of the implementation-specific provider for the given feature is designated in a configuration file. The feature-level provider then reads in the type from the configuration file and acts as a factory to the feature code. The application developer can then use the feature classes in the application code. The implementation type can be swapped out in the configuration file, eliminating the need to rewrite the code to accommodate the different implementation methodology.

The providers included with ASP.NET are mostly abstractions of data persistence implementations for features like profiles or membership. However, this model can be applied to any other kind of feature functionality that could be abstracted and implemented in multiple ways.

TopicLocation
How to: Sample Role-Provider ImplementationBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Sample Role-Provider ImplementationBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications

For an example of how to use the ProviderBase class, see Profile Provider Implementation Example.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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